Join Bobby Owsinski for an in-depth discussion in this video Using the appropriate workstation, part of Audio Mastering Techniques.
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If you've ever tried to export a number of songs from your normal digital audio workstation…timeline, you know that what you get is a single large file instead of individual song…files, like what we're used to on a CD.…That's because you need a special editing workstation for making CDs that does what's…know as PQ subcode editing.…PQ subcodes control the track location and running time aspects of a CD, enable the CD…player to know how many tracks are present, where they are, how long they are, and when…to change from one track to another.…
Editing software applications like Waveburner, Audio Architect, Peak, Wavelab, DSP-Quattro…and Sound Forge, all have the ability to place these codes as needed.…When the CD was first developed, it had 8 subcodes labeled P to W, and there were a lot of uses…intended for them, they just never came to pass.…Today the only subcodes used are P and Q, but these contain other information like ISRC…and UPC codes and CD text, all of which we will cover in future movies.…
Most PQ editors also allow PQ log to be printed out which is then sent with the master to…
First, discover how to configure your monitoring setup, optimize your listening environment, and prepare and print alternative mixes that will allow you to make quick fixes during mastering. Bobby then reviews a selection of dedicated mastering tools that give you precise control over select signal parameters, from compressors to de-essers. He'll discuss the differences between mastering for CD, online distribution, and specifically for iTunes, and how to achieve the best results for each medium. The course wraps with lessons on mastering for high-resolution formats like Blu-ray, as well as delivering and archiving the master recording once the project is complete.
- What is mastering?
- Preparing your tracks for mastering
- Deciding between monitors and headphones
- Exploring the dynamic range of different music genres
- Adjusting song balances
- Compressing the tracks
- Balancing frequency
- Reducing sibilance with a de-esser
- Inserting fades
- Eliminating noise
- Mastering CDs, MP3s, and AACs for iTunes
- Archiving masters