Join Bobby Owsinski for an in-depth discussion in this video Understanding equalization (EQ), part of Audio Mastering Techniques.
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One of the most important duties of the mastering engineer is fixing the frequency balance of a project if it's needed.…Of course, this is done with an equalizer, but the type used and the ways it's driven…is generally far different than during recording and mixing.…Well, in recording you might use large amounts of EQ anywhere from 3 to 15 dB at a certain frequency.…Mastering is almost always in very small increments usually intents of a dB to 2 or 3 at the very most.…What you will see is a lot of small shots of EQ along the frequency band, though, but again in very small amounts.…
For example, this might be something like +1 at 30Hz, +0.5 at 60Hz, +0.2 at 120, -0.5…at 800, -0.7 at 2500, +0.6 at 8K, +1 at 12 notice that there's a little happening at a lot of places.…Another technique that's used frequently is known as feathering, this means that rather…than applying a large amount of EQ at a single frequency, you add small amounts at the frequencies adjoining the main one.…
An example of this would be instead of adding +3 dB at 100 Hz, you would add +1.5 dB at…
First, discover how to configure your monitoring setup, optimize your listening environment, and prepare and print alternative mixes that will allow you to make quick fixes during mastering. Bobby then reviews a selection of dedicated mastering tools that give you precise control over select signal parameters, from compressors to de-essers. He'll discuss the differences between mastering for CD, online distribution, and specifically for iTunes, and how to achieve the best results for each medium. The course wraps with lessons on mastering for high-resolution formats like Blu-ray, as well as delivering and archiving the master recording once the project is complete.
- What is mastering?
- Preparing your tracks for mastering
- Deciding between monitors and headphones
- Exploring the dynamic range of different music genres
- Adjusting song balances
- Compressing the tracks
- Balancing frequency
- Reducing sibilance with a de-esser
- Inserting fades
- Eliminating noise
- Mastering CDs, MP3s, and AACs for iTunes
- Archiving masters