Join Bobby Owsinski for an in-depth discussion in this video Mastering for television, part of Audio Mastering Techniques.
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Most of the time, music intended for television is delivered to the post-production facility…unmastered, or it's mixed in against the video.…The video editor then determines the correct level against the effects and dialog, just like with film.…But on the rare occasion when the television audio is coming from the mastering engineer,…the first thing you need to do is obtain a technical specification from the engineering…department of the network it's going to be shown on.…This will tell you exactly what they want and how they want it.…Among the types of things that the network spec will contain is all the video requirements,…as well as all the audio requirements.…
Read and follow these carefully, or else you'll end up redoing the project to their liking.…Here is what to watch for, the operating level for a reference tone, how long they want the…tone, and if laid back to tape, where on the tape it begins.…The operating level will usually be at -20dB full scale, but sometimes it might be -18…or -16, so check this closely.…
First, discover how to configure your monitoring setup, optimize your listening environment, and prepare and print alternative mixes that will allow you to make quick fixes during mastering. Bobby then reviews a selection of dedicated mastering tools that give you precise control over select signal parameters, from compressors to de-essers. He'll discuss the differences between mastering for CD, online distribution, and specifically for iTunes, and how to achieve the best results for each medium. The course wraps with lessons on mastering for high-resolution formats like Blu-ray, as well as delivering and archiving the master recording once the project is complete.
- What is mastering?
- Preparing your tracks for mastering
- Deciding between monitors and headphones
- Exploring the dynamic range of different music genres
- Adjusting song balances
- Compressing the tracks
- Balancing frequency
- Reducing sibilance with a de-esser
- Inserting fades
- Eliminating noise
- Mastering CDs, MP3s, and AACs for iTunes
- Archiving masters