Join Garrick Chow for an in-depth discussion in this video Adjusting transition effects between clips, part of iMovie for iOS Essential Training.
We've already seen that iMovie automatically adds a cross-dissolve transition between each clip you place in your project. Again it looks like this. Cross dissolve transitions are usually a nice effect for helping your clips to visually flow from one to the other. With the first clip fading out as the next clip fades in. But sometimes you want a different effect or no effect whatsoever. As we saw previously in this chapter when I showed you how to slip a clip to insert a close up shot. So now I'd like to take a look at how to work with these transitions? By default the transitions added by iMovie are all one second cross dissolves.
To change the properties of any individual transition tap it's icon. That brings up several buttons along the bottom of the screen. The ones grouped here in the middle represent the different types of transitions. The first one, represented by this vertical line is the non transition. Which means you don't want to see a visual trick at all. So that when a clip ends the next clip will immediately begin playing without a cross dissolve or any other effect. The next option represented by the star, is a theme transition, which applies theme-specific transitions between your clips. If you recall, at the beginning of this chapter, we saw how you can pick different themes for your projects by tapping the settings button, and selecting one of these built-in themes.
The theme you choose affects, among other things, the theme transitions. So for instance I have Modern selected right now. So the transition looks like this. But if I select another theme, the transition now looks like this. Now you probably notice that theme transitions also have built in sound effects. Depending on what you're going for that may or may not be something you want.
If it's not something you want select the transition and tap the Speaker icon here to mute the transition sound effect. Also bear in mind that you can only have one theme per project. So if you choose theme transitions they're all going to be from the same theme and they'll all change if you pick a different theme. I'll switch my theme back to modern. The next transition is the cross dissolve which again is when one clip fades out as the next clip fades in. Also when you have any transition type other than None selected you can change the length of the transition from half a second up to two seconds. However if your clips are less than two seconds each, you won't see the two second option because you transition can't be longer than the clips themselves.
You'll only see the durations that can be applied to your two clips. Notice the cross dissolves icon looks like two triangles pointing towards each other. The next transition type, is slide. Tapping that button opens up a sub menu. Basically the slide transition has the next clip slide into view over the previous clip. And you can use these buttons to choose from which direction the clip slides in. So for example I'll choose from bottom to top, and that looks like this Next to that we have the wipe transition, which at first glance may look a lot like slide.
But with slide, the entire frame slides into view. So in this case with slide, you see the top of the next clip appear first, and the whole clip moves up into the screen. But if I choose wipe and I chose from bottom to top which is already selected. We'll instead see the first clip being wiped away from the bottom to the top revealing the second clip behind it. It's a subtle difference, but that is the difference between slide and wipe.
And the last transition type here is the fade through transition. Tapping that lets you choose to fade through black, which is the left button here, and looks like this. Or you can fade through white which looks like this. This is sometimes called a dip to black or a dip to white. Now, generally speaking, if you want your video to have a more professional look to it, you'll probably want to limit yourself to the cross-dissolves and fade transitions. Cross-solve is probably the most useful transition to smoothly move from one scene to another. The theme transitions and the slides and the wipes while cool looking can be kind of cheesy if you use them too much.
But it's your project and you decide what works best for it. Now also bear in mind that you can remove these transition icons. If you don't want a transition between clips, just change it to a none transition. Then there will be no visual transition, but the none icon will remain between the clips in case you ever want to change it to a different type of transition in future. Lastly, you might have noticed that there are no transition icons at the beginning or the end of your project. While you obviously can't add a crosses-all effect to the end or beginning of a single clip, you can add a simple fade-in or fade-out to the beginning or end of your project. Just open settings and tape fade in from black and fade out to black.
Or just one or the other depending on your preference. So now at the beginning the project, I'll see a short fade in from black. Hey, this is the Burn Hiesel road entrance. Similarly, if I scroll to the end, I'll see a fade to black. Now, there's no way to change the duration or appearance for these fades, but they're a nice way of adding a more visually appealing opening and closing to your project.
- Shooting with the built-in cameras
- Importing footage from other sources
- Adding clips to a project
- Trimming, splitting, and rotating clips
- Adjusting transitions between clips
- Adding still photos and titles
- Adding sound effects or background music
- Fading audio clips
- Adjusting playback speed
- Backing up a movie with iTunes