Join Martin Guidry for an in-depth discussion in this video Overview of backups in Windows 10, part of Windows 10 Administration.
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- In this section, we're going to talk about backup and restore in Windows 10. We have a few different options on how to backup our files in Windows 10. Going to talk about a few of these. The first one is using a technology called File History. This seems to be the preferred way that Microsoft would like us to backup our files. File History automatically creates copies of files on a schedule. By default, once an hour, the machine will check to see if a file has changed, and if it has, it'll make a copy of it.
Then through a fairly simple interface, we can look at the history of this file, and see various changes on it, and restore any of those historical changes to the current location or to a new location. This does require a second hard drive, and it's preferably an external hard drive. Windows 10 also includes a feature called Backup and Restore. The current Backup and Restore technology was introduced in Windows 7, was then removed in Windows 8.1, and then it returns now in Windows 10.
Microsoft still sees this as somewhat of an older technology, and even in the interface, in places we'll see it referred to as "looking for an older backup". This is a traditional backup and restore, where we copy a large number of files at one time for backup, and then we can restore those in a group or individually. When it comes to restoring, Microsoft also offers a feature called Reset This PC. This will return Windows 10 to its original state, and at that time, you would probably run a restore.
So the other backup and restore technologies are focused primarily on backing up our documents, and not so much on backing up the Windows 10 operating system. So the idea is we would just use Reset This PC to get Windows 10 into its original state, and then we could restore our documents. There is another technology called System Image Backups, that backs up all files. It backs up all of our documents, all of our applications, and all of the Windows 10 operating system files.
So we're backing up both user files and system files at the same time. Because it backs up all of the operating system and all of the device drivers, when you go to do a restore, you will need to restore either on exactly the original hardware, or some hardware that's very similar to the hardware on which the backup was taken.
Martin first reviews the various editions of both the desktop and mobile versions of Windows 10. This section covers the special features included with the Enterprise edition, and the hardware requirements for some of the new Windows 10 features. Martin also explains installing and updating drivers and configuring and optimizing the OS, including system properties and power options. Then it's a deep dive into Group Policy, including working with local groups, configuring preferences, and troubleshooting Group Policy. Martin also looks at Windows security—authentication and encryption—as well as the boot process, and concludes the course with a brief look at virtualization, networking, and backup and recovery.
- Understanding the different versions of Windows 10
- Installing and updating drivers
- Administering multitasking
- Working with Windows Group Policy
- Adding domain users and accounts to a Windows 10 PC
- Administering BitLocker and EFS
- Understanding the boot process
- Installing Client Hyper-V for Windows virtualization
- Managing Windows Firewall
- Backing up and restoring Windows 10
- Troubleshooting Windows 10