Join Martin Guidry for an in-depth discussion in this video File History, part of Windows 10: Administration.
- In this section, we're going to look at the file history feature of Windows 10. Off the start menu, I'm going to go to settings. File history is in the group called update & security. File history doesn't really sound like either an update or a security but if we look at the note right below that phrase, it does say update, recovery, and backup and this is part of the backup suite of technologies. So I'll click on that and then in the left-hand menu, I'll go to backup.
My interface says automatically backup my files and it has a toggle to turn that on or off. If you've never used this feature, you may instead be prompted for what drive would you like to put the file history on. You will need to use a separate drive, a secondary drive. Microsoft recommends an external drive but technically, you can use an internal drive or even a USB stick. It just has to be something other than the C: drive.
Once you've turned it on, you can look at the more options and right now, it's showing me that my files are been backed up every hour. We can change that to a different timeframe. It also says it's keeping my backups forever. That is a bit of a concern because eventually the disk will fill up. It doesn't matter how large your disk is. If you hold backups forever, it will eventually fill up. So, you can change this to whatever meets your needs. I'm going to say three months for me.
And then it shows me what folders it's doing. By default, this does not add every folder. It typically adds most of the folders under C:\Users\ but we can come in here and see what folders are being backed up, and then we have the option to add a folder with the button at the top or below the list of folders, we have the option to exclude a folder. So, we can add and remove folders thusly. If you're backing up to a certain drive and would like to change that, we do have the option at the bottom back up to a different drive.
Fairly self-explanatory. We could change from backing up to one external drive to a different external drive or internal drive. Now that this is set up, I can go and look at one of my files that has a file history. So I'm just going to go to my documents and go to a file I created more than an hour ago, so it should have created a file history. When I right-click on my documents and then go to properties, there's a tab all the way to the right called previous versions and in that, we see a history.
I can click on that file and then at the bottom, I have options to restore. If I just do a restore, it will overwrite the existing file. I have the option to do restore to, which would allow me to select a new location, so I would keep the current file and I would keep the historical version that I'm adding. Nothing would be overwritten. It also has the option for open, which I'll go ahead and click on open and it opens up the file as the file existed at that point in time and it even has a note of the time at the top.
This interface I feel is where file history really shines. This interface to do the restore is very easy. I can see the contents of the file before I even do the restore and it's very easy to either overwrite the current file or not overwrite the current file. So, in my opinion, the strength of the file history feature is the ease of the restore process.
Martin first reviews the various editions of both the desktop and mobile versions of Windows 10. This section covers the special features included with the Enterprise edition, and the hardware requirements for some of the new Windows 10 features. Martin also explains installing and updating drivers and configuring and optimizing the OS, including system properties and power options. Then it's a deep dive into Group Policy, including working with local groups, configuring preferences, and troubleshooting Group Policy. Martin also looks at Windows security—authentication and encryption—as well as the boot process, and concludes the course with a brief look at virtualization, networking, and backup and recovery.
- Understanding the different versions of Windows 10
- Installing and updating drivers
- Administering multitasking
- Working with Windows Group Policy
- Adding domain users and accounts to a Windows 10 PC
- Administering BitLocker and EFS
- Understanding the boot process
- Installing Client Hyper-V for Windows virtualization
- Managing Windows Firewall
- Backing up and restoring Windows 10
- Troubleshooting Windows 10