Back up your data, creating a safety copy in case anything bad happens to the computer. Ensure that Windows 10 File History is configured and active.
- [Instructor] At the top of the list for PC security and maintenance is Backup. It's the name of a program and a process, more of a duty, actually, that all computer users should perform, yet it's woefully neglected. Windows 10 comes with a backup utility that works well. To configure it, open the Settings app, press the Windows and I keyboard shortcut. Choose Update & Security. And select Backup. Now if Backup is configured, you will see a master control switch here. It will have a toggle, either on or off.
Ensure that it's on, and you're good to go. Otherwise you see what's shown here, an Add a Drive button. For Backup and file history to work, you must specify storage media, either an external drive or local network storage, a network drive. You cannot backup to the computer's primary storage, drive C. Click the Add a Drive button. Windows scans for available storage media. As an interesting aside, when you connect external storage to a Windows 10 computer, the auto-play notification prompts if you want to use the drive for backup and file history.
It's too late for that now, so choose a drive from the list. Now ensure that the drive has at least as much capacity as the drive you're backing up. On this PC, it has a 959 gigabyte hard drive, just under a terabyte, and this external drive here stores 1.81 terabytes, so it's going to work. This is how the screen looks when backup and file history is configured and active. To perform further configuration, which I recommend, choose More Options.
Most of the options are preset to ideal conditions, but some settings could always use improvement. For example, backing up files every hour is most efficient, unless you have a laptop. In that case, and specifically if you take your laptop on the road often, a daily backup would probably work better. Remember to bring your portable backup drive with you, and connect it on the road, otherwise the backup feature bugs you to attach the drive and you might not have time to backup. Further, I recommend that you keep your backups until space is needed.
If you don't choose this option, the backup media fills up, and the backup stops. The remaining settings list your personal folders and files. What's not listed, which is also important, are your program files. So I recommend that you add those folders to the list. Click the Add a Folder button, and navigate to Drive C, and choose Program Files. A second folder exists, so choose it as well, but you got to choose 'em one at a time, so we'll choose Program Files.
And do it again to choose Program Files (x86). Now if you know of any other program folders on Drive C or elsewhere that must be backed up, you can add them, as well. If this is the first time you've configured Backup, click the Back up now button to start the first backup. The backup initializes and creates a safety copy of your computer's data. It takes some time, but you can do other things with the computer while the backup progresses. To confirm that the backup is working, visit the backup options overview screen, which is shown here.
The last backup will be listed, which will tell you the date and time at which it occurred, and of course this is the first backup, so you don't see that data on this screen. Finally, I should mention that third-party backup utilities are available, though they cost money, either in the form of the software directly, or in the case of cloud backup, as a subscription fee. Many people prefer cloud backup because it's more reliable than an external hard drive, which can fail. And cloud backup is available anywhere you can access the Internet, which makes it ideal for laptops.
- Fighting malware
- Using a firewall
- Backing up your PC
- Restoring your system
- Configuring Windows Update
- Installing updates
- Improving PC performance