Review or modify the way services start, or don't start, when Windows boots from the Services console. Access any service to configure its parameters. Review options under each of the four tabs: General, Log On, Recovery, and Dependencies. Choose from Automatic (Delayed Start), Automatic, Manual, and Disabled to control behavior.
- [Instructor] A Windows service is a program, routine, or process that runs in the background. Windows Update, Windows Firewall, and Network Location Awareness are examples of services. You can see these services and others in the Services window. To locate it type services on the taskbar and click Services in the result. You can sort the services by their type by clicking the Startup Type column, like so. Look at all the services here that start automatically.
Some services are configured to start when the computer does, and are necessary for the computer to run effectively. Sometimes problems arise when a service that needs to be running isn't. Ongoing problems ensue when a service needs to start automatically and run in the background, but doesn't. You can address these issues and more from the Services Properties dialog box. I'll sort these service by Name, and I'll double-click the Plug and Play service. This service is what makes it possible to connect a device and let Windows configure it with very little input, if any, from you.
It's an important service for sure. You can see from the explanation area here that this enables a computer to recognize and adapt to hardware changes, and it also says that stopping or disabling the service will result in system instability. If you were to discover a necessary service like this was disabled while troubleshooting an unstable system you could likely recover quickly by enabling it. Let's take a look at some of the other options from the General tab and talk about why you might change a specific configuration choice.
Startup type offers four options. Automatic Delayed Start is best when you want to configure the service to start automatically during the boot and log on sequence, but at the same time don't want it to slow down the boot process. This option delays the start time just a little bit to increase log on performance. Automatic configures the service to automatically start during the boot and log on process. Manual causes the service to become available when it's needed. And Disabled disables the service.
Disabling a service prevents the service from starting. You'll have to enable it manually to get it going again. You can also Stop, Start, Pause, and Resume a service. If you're having problems with a running service restarting the service might resolve the issue quickly. There are three more tabs. The Log On tab allows you to configure the log on account that is used to start the service. The Local System is selected here by default, but if you've been directed to specify another log on account you can do so.
As an example you might want to configure a service to run from a domain account that has access to domain resources if problems arise for a service and the Local System account. The Recovery tab allows you designate what action will be taken if a service fails to load. You have options for First, Second, and Subsequent failures. You can opt to Take No Action, Restart the Service, Run a Program, or Restart the Computer. If you're troubleshooting start with Restarting the Service.
Stopping and restarting the service is the default option for a good reason, because it usually works. You could choose to Restart the Computer, perhaps on the third failure, but this is a drastic step, so I'll suggest you use it only as a last resort. Run a Program requires you to specify the program you want to run. You might want to run a script that notifies you when a service doesn't start, so that you can look into the issue, perhaps uncovering its trigger. The Dependencies tab will list any services that must be running in order for the selected service to start.
You can use this information to cross-reference those services. They should be configured to start as well. Before you close the Services window take a look at the services that are currently disabled on your computer. I'll sort by Startup Type, so I can find them easily. Here are a few. You might find that Auto Timezone Updater is disabled, perhaps by choice, or Routing and Remote Access, or even Smart Card. Most of the time services are enabled when you need or want them, and if you don't need say this Smart Card service running, because you don't use Smart Cards, it won't be.
Spend as much time here as you like and when you're finished exploring close the Services window.
Note: The course also maps to the third part of MCSA exam 70-698, Installing and Configuring Windows 10. Taking this course will prepare you for objectives in the Manage and Maintain Windows domain of the test.
- Configuring Windows Update
- Updating Windows apps
- Reviewing event logs
- Using Resource Monitor and Performance Monitor
- Managing security with Windows Defender
- Creating a recovery drive
- Restoring and recovering files
- Recovering the OS with Windows Recovery
- Configuring authorization and authentication
- Securing Windows 10 with passwords
- Joining workgroups and domains
- Creating and using accounts
- Automating tasks with PowerShell