Explore the Indexing Options control panel. Configure indexing options including indexing encrypted files, using diacritics, and relocating the index file. Delete the index and rebuild it to enhance performance if the index becomes excessively large, but understand that this might take a long time to complete, perhaps days.
- [Instructor] Indexing is a technology behind Windows search. And as its name implies, is an index, a database. Windows uses this index to keep track of files, folders, file types, data properties, and other details, so that you can search by those details to locate the data you want. For the most part, when you search for a file, Windows accesses this index first. It's important to personalize the settings for indexing to meet your needs. You want to make sure the service is indexing all of the areas of your computer that you use and it isn't indexing unnecessary areas that you don't.
That's where we'll start, I'll open Control Panel by right-clicking start and clicking Control Panel in the result. I'll maximize the window and I'll change the view by option from category to large icons. I do this because I want easy access to indexing options. I'll click here. Note the included locations, offline files, start menu, and users. I want to make sure I'm indexing everything I need to, so I'll click modify.
Here's a partition that's not being indexed and it's one I created, called data, so I'll select it. Now I'll expand C and make sure there's nothing in there that's not being indexed that should be. And here's my secret folder, so I'll select that. You might see places that are indexed that you don't use or even areas marked unavailable. If so, you can deselect those to stop them from being indexed now. I'll click okay and continue on. There are a few advanced options to consider.
Let's click advanced and have a look. One is to enable index settings to look for diacritics. A diacritic is a sign, such as an accent mark, which when written above or below a letter, indicates a difference in pronunciation. If you use diacritics, you can enable this to improve performance. You can also index encrypted files. You should not enable this setting unless the search index itself is protected with full volume encryption, though. You can do this with BitLocker.
If you don't use BitLocker, don't check this box. You can see here that you can move the index as well, by clicking select new. You should move the index if it's really big and you're running out of free disk space on your drive, provided you have a place to move it to that's going to offer comparable performance. You can also move it to a faster drive if you have one. You might also want to move the index if it's stored on an SSD drive. The index gets used a lot, so moving it might help extend the life of that drive.
It's easy to do, if you decide to do it. Just click select new and browse to the desired location. With that done, let's look at one last area, file types. The service index has close to a thousand file types. You can remove file types by deselecting them here. I won't suggest you do that, unless you have a very specific reason to and honestly, I can't think of any reason at all. If you recognize the file type, you likely use it.
And if you don't, well, you probably don't have enough of those types of files on your machine to make a difference in performance or it's a file type that Windows needs to be indexed anyway. You can, though, add new extensions to the list by typing them in here. If you use a proprietary program that uses its own file type, and you don't see it checked in the list, go ahead and add it. Not all file types can be indexed, though, but go ahead and add them, just to see. I'll click the index settings tab one more time to show you a final option, it's to rebuild the index.
Rebuilding the index takes a long time so if you're having problems with searches and you think this will resolve them, make sure to click rebuild when you're finished working with your computer for the day. When you're finished here, click okay and close.
Note: The course also maps to the third part of MCSA exam 70-698, Installing and Configuring Windows 10. Taking this course will prepare you for objectives in the Manage and Maintain Windows domain of the test.
- Configuring Windows Update
- Updating Windows apps
- Reviewing event logs
- Using Resource Monitor and Performance Monitor
- Managing security with Windows Defender
- Creating a recovery drive
- Restoring and recovering files
- Recovering the OS with Windows Recovery
- Configuring authorization and authentication
- Securing Windows 10 with passwords
- Joining workgroups and domains
- Creating and using accounts
- Automating tasks with PowerShell