Join Martin Guidry for an in-depth discussion in this video Best practices for backups and restores, part of Windows 10 Administration.
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- In this section, we're going to talk about a few tips for a successful backup strategy. When planning your backups, you'll want to consider the frequency of backups and this should be directly proportional to the frequency of changes in your data. So, for example, if you have data that very rarely changes, maybe only changes once a year, then you don't need to back it up that often. You could back it up once and be done with it. No need to back it up every day.
You would just be backing up the same exact thing every day. On the other hand, data that changes weekly should probably be backed up weekly, and data that changes daily should be backed up daily. You'll also want to consider your storage location. There's two mindsets here. One is that I want to keep my backup onsite, close to where I will be doing the restore. That way I can get to the backup as quickly as possible. The other mindset is that if something happens to my office building, let's say, for example, some sort of natural disaster and the entire building is destroyed, not only did that natural disaster destroy the computer, it also destroyed all of the backups because they were being stored in the same room.
That's not good. There really isn't an easy solution to this and what most people end up doing is storing the backups twice, having one copy of the backups onsite for quick and easy retrieval, and having a second copy of the backups offsite, in the case of a large, physical disaster. If your onsite backups are destroyed, you'd still would have the offsite backup. We also want to consider security. Certainly, be careful about who has access to your backups.
Whatever data is on those tapes or drives could be restored to someone else's computer and whenever we lose physical control of the media that stores our data, we have very little hope of securing it. So be careful who has physical access to your backups. When it comes to restores, my recommendation is to test, test, test your restores. You certainly don't want to get into the situation where you have backups taken, and then for some reason you are unable to do the restore.
Because for the most part if you are unable to restore, then that backup is totally worthless to you. Some things that can go wrong with a backup that would prevent a restore. Remember that some of the media is fragile. Backup tapes have a finite life. I remember several years ago using a backup tape that had clearly printed on the box "Lifetime Guarantee" but if you read the fine print on the side of the box, it defined a lifetime as 100 uses.
Well, I was backing up every day, so after 100 days which is just a little more than 3 months, I had gone through the entire lifetime of that tape and the tape was no longer functioning properly. Remember that a restore takes skill. It shouldn't take a great deal of skill. It's not extremely difficult but you don't want to get into the situation where you have a critical restore, and you're fumbling around in an interface you've never used before.
It'd be good to go ahead and take the time and do a practice restore in a non-critical time and that way you can have the skill and the confidence to do the restore properly if a disaster ever strikes. Also, remember that restores take time. Typically, a restore will take longer than the backup took, and certainly, restores are always proportional to how much data we are restoring. Just restoring one or two small files should be very quick but if you need to restore an entire drive that had a huge amount of files, it could take several hours or even days.
You'll need to make sure your users have realistic expectations. When a disaster happens, You can assure them that you will be able to get their data back but it might take a day or two. You'll want to tell them about that before disaster strikes.
Martin first reviews the various editions of both the desktop and mobile versions of Windows 10. This section covers the special features included with the Enterprise edition, and the hardware requirements for some of the new Windows 10 features. Martin also explains installing and updating drivers and configuring and optimizing the OS, including system properties and power options. Then it's a deep dive into Group Policy, including working with local groups, configuring preferences, and troubleshooting Group Policy. Martin also looks at Windows security—authentication and encryption—as well as the boot process, and concludes the course with a brief look at virtualization, networking, and backup and recovery.
- Understanding the different versions of Windows 10
- Installing and updating drivers
- Administering multitasking
- Working with Windows Group Policy
- Adding domain users and accounts to a Windows 10 PC
- Administering BitLocker and EFS
- Understanding the boot process
- Installing Client Hyper-V for Windows virtualization
- Managing Windows Firewall
- Backing up and restoring Windows 10
- Troubleshooting Windows 10