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Learn how to choose an edition that's right for your setup, install Windows Server 2012 and the VirtualBox drivers, and then configure the services and roles on your new server. Timothy also shows how to set up local storage and manage Windows Server in one of two ways: through the command line or with the simple admin interface that ships with Windows Server.
- Installing Windows Server 2012
- Installing VirtualBox drivers
- Configuring server roles
- Configuring services
- Configuring disk and file systems
- Using alternative administration methods
Skill Level Beginner
Now we've gone ahead and installed our Windows server and configured our drivers for VirtualBox, there are a few post installation tasks we might want to take care of before we do anything else. These post installation task include things like, changing the computer name. This computer name is perfectly fine, except that it is not very descriptive of what this computer is. We want change the computer name so that when the user sees the name, they have an idea what the computer does. The way we rename the computer is we click on the old computer name, which will bring up our system's properties box.
Then we click Change. We can now just, write over our old computer name. In this case, this is a basic server. So we'll just call this, Basic Server. Once we've picked the computer name, go ahead and click OK. Now you're going to have to restart the system. So click OK again. And then click Close. And now you can click Restart now. Now the screen's back up, go ahead and log on, and wait for the Server Manager to come back up. Now that server manager is up, go ahead and click Local Server, because that means, we're looking at the local server that we're on.
And that will bring up the Local Server page. Now on the Local Server page is up, you'll notice that our computer name has changed, we are now Basic Server. Some other things on this page that you may want to do as a post installation, is to double check that your R`emote Management is enabled. This should be enabled by default, but if it's not, you'll want to go ahead and click it to enable it. The reason you want to enable Remote Management is because that with Remote Management enabled, you can manage this server from any other server in the network.
Otherwise, you have to go to each server individually. Next, we want to go ahead and set up our updates. You will notice that our updates have never been set up yet. It's not configured. This is not a good thing, because updates are very important for the health of your server. Updates will deliver bug fixes. Security patches, and even occasion will give you additional functionality for Microsoft. Microsoft releases these updates on a fairly regular basis, as well. So what we want to do, is go ahead and configure our updates.
As you can see, it's turned off. Now you may think turn on automatic updates, yes that's a good idea. Well, when we're talking about work stations, it is a good idea. However, with servers, it's not a very good idea. The reason it's not a very good idea, is because occasionally, an update may be released, that may or may not work with your particular set up. And when that happens, you run the risk of your system not working as well, or in very rare instances even having the system crash.
The way we avoid that, is choose the let me choose my settings option. Here, what we do is we go ahead and select the options and choose to Download but let me choose whether to install them. And the reason we choose the, let me choose whether to install me is because once the updates are downloaded, we can actually put them on a test machine, to see how well they work, before we install them alternatively. We can wait a few days till after they have come out, and see if there is any reported problems in industry news.
Assume there are no portal problems and your tests work out, you can then go ahead and run the update. So, click OK. At this point, Windows is checking for updates but, it will not load them. This can take a while, especially depending on how old your system is. If you're just now installing the system and Windows been out for a few years, which it has, there could be a large number of updates that it's going to have to find to put on this system. While we are waiting for updates, there are a couple things we can go and do in the mean time.
We can go back to our Server Management screen. And a couple other things we may want to check, is we may want to check our timezone. By default, Windows is going to put the time zone in the Pacific time zone assuming you're using an American version of server. If you live in the Pacific time zone, this is fine. If you don't, you'll need to change the time zone. They way you change the time zone is click on this selection, and come over here. And where it says, change time zone, just change the time zone.
And then you can select the drop-down menu, and whatever time zone you're living in, you can choose. Since we're in California right now, we'll go ahead and leave the Pacific time zone. And cancel that. Another thing you can do is just change the time and date. because occasionally, Microsoft will not have the correct time. In the case of our setup here we are using VirtualBox, and VirtualBox synchronizes this for you. But if you are not in VirtualBox, this may be something you will have to do. The way you change it, is to click this icon.
And then you can just select the date from the calendar, and change the time down here, very easily. We'll go ahead and cancel it since we didn't need any changes, and then we will click OK. These are the last things you need to do for a post installation, so let's go ahead and go back down here to our task bar, and see how our updates are doing. Well, we have found out that we have 19 important updates and nine optional updates. The important updates are critical updates such as security update, bug fixes, malicious software remove tools, those kinds of things.
Let's go back. The optional updates, are things that might refer to drivers specific to your particular system, and things of that nature. They're things that are not critically important, but they will help improve the performance of you machine. Once you've looked at these updates, you can choose all the updates, by default, which is what Windows does for the import, and then install them, or you can choose to wait and see how things go in the future. Since these are the initial updates, there's probably no reason not to go ahead and install them all right now, because these updates have been around for a long time.
If they had caused problems for anybody's configurations, we would have heard about it already. As far as the optional updates go, none of these are selected. You can either go through just the individual ones you want to select, by clicking on them. Or, you can just click the top one and all it will be selected. We'll go ahead and install everything here, because these have been tested previously and they will not affect the system. And now choose Install. At this point, we have a total of 28 installs to get through and this will take some time. Once this entire update process is complete, we'll go ahead and pick it up in the next video.