Learn how to install the Active Directory Domain Services role.
- [Instructor] The installation of Active Directory Domain Services is really a two step process. The first of these two steps is to install the server role itself, and that's what we're going to take a look at here. So to demonstrate this, I need to connect to a Windows Server 2019 machine, and I have three of them here named DC-1, two, and three, and I just want to point out that even though they're named DC, 'cause they will eventually become domain controllers, right now they are just simply standalone fresh installations of Windows Server 2019.
So let's connect to DC-1 and see how to add the role. So here we're looking at the Server Manager, which is the tool that opens by default when you launch Windows Server 2019. And it's in this tool that we can easily add any roles. And if it's not obvious you'll see right on the screen there's an option that has a two next to it that says Add roles and features. So let's click on that now. Here in the Add Roles and Features Wizard the first thing that always opens up is a Before you begin screen that says, hey you're about to add something significant to this machine, so why don't you make sure that the machine is configured properly and, to be more specific, make sure it's nice and secure to handle the role.
Now if you don't want to see this screen again and again, you have the ability to skip this page by default. So let's go ahead and click on next. Here we need to decide what type of installation it's going to be, and because we are installing a role we can take the default where it says Role or feature-based installation. And click next. Now we have to choose what server we want to install onto, and you'll see that the DC-1 server is already selected by default, so I'll click next.
Here's where we get to select what role we want to install. And up near the top of the list, it's actually second on the list, is Active Directory Domain Services. So I'm going to check the box next to that, and when I do, you'll see that an additional pop-out window comes up saying that there are additional features that are required as part of this installation. So that's great and I want to go ahead and add those features as part of this process, so I will select that button, add features. And now I could choose any additional roles that I want to install, but I don't have any others, so I'm going to click next.
It then takes me to a screen where I can add any other features that I want to add, and I don't have anything other than the ones that were selected for me by default, so I can click next again. This screen, I get kind of a general overview explanation of what Active Directory Domain Services is. All right, so we could read all about it, and click next. Then we get to our confirmation screen, which is the final process in a role installation, where it's going to just summarize everything.
There is one box that, even though it's not done too much any more, I do like to check this box every time just to simplify it, and that is the box up at the top here that says restart the destination server automatically if required. And when I check this box, you'll see here that it gives me a little warning message saying, hey, you know, somebody else could be working on this machine, 'cause they could be connected remotely, or I could even be doing this remotely. And I'm going to say, yup, that's okay. So I'm going to go ahead and click yes, this is okay. I'm not worried about anybody else on the machine.
And finally, I can click the install button. Now at this point, it's going to begin the installation of this role, and if you're following along I will tell you, the speed of how long this takes, I mean, it could be anywhere from a minute, I've seen it as long as 10 minutes if you have a very slow machine. So if you're following along, go ahead and pause the recording and then you can resume when this process has completed, and I'm going to go ahead and speed this up and take us to the end. All right, so on my system the installation has now succeeded, but you will notice that it says that there is additional configuration required.
All right. And that is actually step two of the domain controller creation process in the Active Directory Domain Services installation, and I'm going to go ahead and cover that in the next video.
- Installing domain controllers, including the AD DS role
- Managing AD DS with AD Administrative Center and the command line
- Transferring and seizing FSMO roles
- Adjusting permissions
- Creating users and groups
- Managing computer accounts
- Creating organizational units (OUs)