Join Ed Liberman for an in-depth discussion in this video Installation, part of Foundations of Servers.
- [Instructor] When it comes to server administration, or at least the operating system side of server administration, the first thing that you should be familiar with is how to install that operating system. So to demonstrate this, I have created a virtual machine, and we'll talk about virtualization in other lessons if you're not familiar with it, but all you need to know is that this is the equivalent of a brand new bare metal blank machine that just got purchased and has nothing on it. So if I connect to this machine, and by the way on my screen it's called Member 5, because I already have an entire enterprise of machines running, and so it was just the next server that I would install in my environment.
So I'm gonna go ahead and tell you that the only other thing I've done to this machine is I've created an emulated DVD drive and then put an image of the Windows Server 2012 R2 DVD in the drive. What that means is when I click the Power button here to turn it on, it's going to ask me to press any key to boot from the CD or DVD. I pressed the spacebar on my keyboard, and that's what got it to move forward from there. Let me bring this to a bigger screen, easier to see, there we go.
This launches the setup wizard. So now, we have a very basic wizard that we're gonna follow here, which says that, I'm gonna pick what language and what country I'm in. So, English, United States would be a match for me, and click Next. Then tell it I want to Install now. When I click this, it will then begin the rest of the setup utility. Throughout the years, this utility has changed, and it has gotten to a point where it's actually a pretty simplistic utility.
The first thing it's asking me is what version of Windows Server 2012 R2 I want to install, and please keep in mind that while this may be a specific operating system that I'm showing you, the process would be very similar for any server operating system. I'm gonna pick a version here, and click Next. Then I get a license agreement, which I could go through and read. It's quite long, you'll see it as I scroll through. I don't expect you to read it, I'm just showing you that it's very, very long.
I'm going to check the box saying I have read and accept this license agreement and click Next. In the world of Microsoft Server operating systems, it then prompts me to say, are you upgrading from an earlier version, or do you want to do Custom which is actually install a new operating system? This is a blank machine, so I'm gonna select Custom. From there, it shows me that I have one hard drive which is 127 gigs, so that's how big the hard drive is.
If I just click Next, then it would automatically just use this hard drive as one entire single volume, and install the operating system on it. Or, if I wanted to divide up this hard drive, I could click on New, and then I could create a specific volume. If I had, let's say only part of the drive that I wanted to do, I could actually create these volumes and install only on a certain size. So I'm going to cancel that and just click Next, and tell it, no, no, this is okay, I'm just going to install on the entire hard drive.
Now, at this point, in the world of Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2, there's very little that I need to do for the rest of this installation. You can see here that it's copying files, it's getting ready for installation. It's then going to install some features, then some updates, and then finish up. It tells you that the computer may restart multiple times, and that this might take a while. Already, well the variety of processes and reboots have completed, and it's now leaving us on a screen asking for a password for the built-in Administrator account.
This is a very important account on any server, because it's kind of the all powerful, so you want to make sure you have a good, secure password that cannot be guessed or hacked very easily. So I'm gonna go ahead and type in a password on my end, and they have to actually type it twice, so I've done it there, and hopefully I typed the same thing twice, because it has to match. Then I'm going to click the button to say Finish. At this point, it's just going to finish up a couple things, and then it takes us to a login screen, where you would just simply press Control + Alt + Delete and then you can go ahead and login as that Administrator account that we just setup the password for, so I will type in that password once again, hit Enter.
It's now logging in for the very first time, and some variety of things that are gonna happen here as far as making sure the network's correct and all sorts of other things, but basically, it's gonna launch us into the Server Manager, which is where we can go ahead and configure our server, and do pretty much anything and everything else that we might do when it comes to managing a server.
- Server components and server architecture
- Basic configuration
- Server roles
- Asset management
- Server storage
- Server security
- Backup and recovery