Learn how to place the eye level from above, middle and below, and how that affects the rendering of a symmetrical 3D cube.
- [Voiceover] Drawing three dimensional cubes from three different viewpoints is a great first step when learning about two point perspective. Starting with simple boxes will make it easier for you to draw buildings from any vantage point. Your perspective angle depends on your position in space relative to your subject. You can be below, at eye level, above, to the left, or to the right. When drawing in perspective it's important to establish your eye level as it relates to the objects you are viewing in space.
First lets notice that our horizon line is coming through the center of our page here. On the left and the right side of this horizon line we have our two vanishing points, therefore two point perspective. Notice in our ghost grid here how all of our diagonals converge and travel back to those vanishing points. So they really become the anchor of our drawing.
Let's first take a look at a symmetrical box that's placed pretty much right on our horizon line. Notice how the top and bottom edges of this box, they are moving away from us in space, so they're converging back to our vanishing points. If we take a look at another box seen from a different view as if we're looking below it, as if it's been raised up in space, notice something that happens.
If we look at the top edge of this box notice how that diagonal, if you continue it it's traveling downwards towards the vantage point. If we look at a symmetrical box from above, the top plane is revealed and the opposite happens. If we look at this diagonal in space it travels back and it travels upwards, not downwards towards our vanishing point. These ideas are reinforced if we impose this blue diagram.
These blue diagonals converge towards each other towards the vanishing points, the box at the top with the bottom revealed seen from below, the diagonals travel downwards, the box at the bottom here seen from above with the top plane revealed, the diagonals travel upwards towards the vanishing points. Drawing these simple geometric shapes from different angles will strengthen your ability to draw buildings from any vantage point. You always want to start with the simplest shapes and build from there.
You can challenge yourself by making the cube more rectangular, the same rules apply. Practice drawing boxes on the grid from our exercise files.
Join artist Amy Wynne in this class as she demonstrates the basics of two-point perspective. After a brief demo of asymmetrical vs. symmetrical perspectives with 3D blocks, she takes us through more complex projects: an imagined street scene, complete with windows, doors, trees, and light posts, and an interior room with furniture. In chapter 5, Amy introduces strategies to strengthen your compositions by improving the illusion of depth. Practicing these techniques will breathe new life into your drawing and give you a new "perspective" on drawing.
- Symmetrical vs. asymmetrical perspective
- Drawing 3D cubes
- Drawing exterior and interior spaces
- Adding streets details including trees and powerlines
- Drawing furniture
- Creating the illusion of depth
- Finding a composition to draw from life