In addition to distinguishing formative and summative learning assessments, choosing the best format is critical.
- [Narrator] We've discussed the two main types of learning assessments, formative and summative. Next in this course, we'll take a look at some of the various formats of learning assessments. Assessments come in many forms, written exams, verbal presentations, physical skills demonstrations, and many more. Given all of these formats, how do you choose the most effective one? Typically, your environment and course subject will narrow your choices to just a few. For example, if your course is mathematics, you're not likely to ask students to write essays.
On the other hand, presentations, written exams, and demonstrations, such as writing out how answers were derived are all possibilities. Is one format of assessments more effective than any other? Well, the answer isn't a simple yes or no. It depends on the reason for the assessment, the type of assessment, and how well it matches the course content. So, when planning and designing assessments for your course content, where do you start? The first step in planning to write or revise learning assessments should be to determine when you will use formative and when you will use summative assessments.
To keep it simple, it's a good practice to make all of your learning assessments formative, except for a final project or exam. By using formative assessments that allow your students to get timely feedback and to self-evaluate, you will be encouraging self-discovery and a mindset of mastery. After determining which assessments will be formative and which will be summative, the next step is to choose a format. The main consideration should always be whether the assessment format gives you, as well as the student, the most appropriate amount of feedback.
- Establishing assessment goals
- Understanding best practices
- Learning how Bloom's taxonomy affects assessments
- Comparing assessment formats
- Creating observational assessments
- Delivering online exams
- Providing feedback
- Making your assessment realistic
- Creating a fair assessment environment
- Handling accommodations for special needs
- Planning and designing assessments
- Creating a rubric