Learn about the various Virtual Machine Manager features. The features available in the product help manage the product and give it new relevance. This video also discusses the new features in 2016, along with deprecated features.
- [Instructor] Before we get into the Virtual Machine Manager installation, let's talk about some of the great features that Virtual Machine Manager has. The first one would be the fast and reliable physical-to-virtual conversions. That basically means we can take a physical machine, and we can convert it into a Hyper-V virtual machine very quickly using Virtual Machine Manager. Now, we can do this without Virtual Machine Manager, but we would have to do that using tools in a more manual process.
Using Virtual Machine Manager allows us to do this in an automated way. It also allows what's called intelligent placement. So when a virtual machine is deployed, Virtual Machine Manager analyzes the data and the resource requirements for both the workload that's going to happen on the virtual machine and the host that hosts the virtual machine. This analysis allows the Virtual Machine Manager administrator to fine-tune placement algorithms to get the customized deployment recommendations.
It also allows for centralized resource management and optimization. This provides a central work area for performing resource tuning. The various different settings can be changed on virtual machines without interrupting the workloads, and virtual machines can be migrated from one host to another, and we can then optimize those physical resources so we have the proper amount of RAM, hard drive space, and processors. Rapid deployment and migration of virtual machines is also a great feature.
Virtual Machine Manager enables quick provisioning of new virtual machines. That means we can deploy them very quickly to other hosts that can host Hyper-V virtual machines. And we use a wizard to do this, which allows this to be a very simple process. Virtual Machine Manager administrators can rapidly deploy virtual machines across the entire enterprise. That means if you have multiple domains or forests, it can cover all of them using the Virtual Machine Manager.
It also allows for management and migration of existing virtual machines, so if you'd like to move or manage virtual machines that were already deployed prior to your installation you can manage those and move those as well. Virtual Machine Manager comes with a centralized library. That includes all the building blocks for making virtual machines such as virtual hard disks, ISO images, which take the place of DVDs, post-deployment customization scripts to automate the post-deployment of a virtual machine, special hardware profiles in case you want to have a profile for a specific task that you need to use over and over again.
It also allows for guest operating system profiles as well as virtual machine templates that can also be used repeatedly. Templates represent standard virtual machine configurations similar to the mini setup and CIS prep utility that comes with all Windows deployments. Templates also encapsulate best practices regarding hardware and guest operating system configuration. That will help you stay secure, and also make sure you have uniform access across the environment.
Centralized monitoring and reporting helps the Virtual Machine Manager administrator with reports and monitoring data from within the Virtual Machine Manager console. It integrates with Operations Manager. These capabilities can be extended even further by using Operation Manager directly if you have another server running that particular application inside the System Center suite. You don't have to be an administrator in order to provision a Hyper-V virtual machine.
You can set up self-service provisioning. That allows end users to be able to be granted controlled access to specific virtual machines, templates, and other Virtual Machine Manager resources by way of a web-based portal. This particular access enables end users such as test and development users to quickly provision new virtual machines for themselves according to controls set by the administrator. You can also take advantage of existing SAN networks.
Virtual machine images can be very large, and it can be slow to move them across a LAN network. You can configure Virtual Machine Manager for use in an environment that has a fiber channel or an iSCSI storage and network SAN and perform SAN transfers within the Virtual Machine Manager. SAN, of course, stands for Storage Area Network, and it is physical storage that can be attached to any physical server. It can also be used to be attached to virtual servers to expand their storage as well.
Let's talk about some of the new networking enhancements that are in Virtual Machine Manager. And along with Windows Server 2016, the service templates enable you to deploy and manage multi-node network controllers. That means with can have multiple network cards all working together to speed up access and also speed up moving of virtual machines from one host to another. There's a new software load balancer and Windows Server Gateway for tenant-VPN connectivity.
That means we can have various different companies all VPN in separately from your internal Active Directory. If you're using Azure, you can provide the ability for tenants to self-service the creation of virtual machine networks. They can also configure site-to-site VPN connectivity and pick NAT options for virtual machines. There's many different types of NAT options, and NAT stands for Network Address Translation.
You can set up NAT for access from the outside-in and still protect your inside IP addresses from the outside world. There are some upgrades to security in Virtual Machine Manager along with Windows Server 2016. This starts with creating a catalog of hashed and digitally signed operating system virtual disks. Your tenants or administrators can then create the encrypted provisioning key called PDK files.
Those contain the information the host administrator would normally enter, such an admin account name, a password, or domain settings. These files are also linked to particular virtual operating system disks with which they can be used. These new digitally-signed features for the operating system include higher-end encryption and safer one-way hash. That means that if the person says they are who they say they are, then we have good confidence that they really are that person.
This is really important to prevent man-in-the-middle attacks as well as other injection attacks that can cause your server to be compromised. Other important changes such as Azure subscription to Virtual Machine Manager. You can manage more than just virtual machines in your LAN. You can also manage virtual machines in the cloud at Microsoft's Azure service. That means that you can increase your capability by managing both on-site and in the cloud resources.
There are some great new features in Virtual Machine Manager 2016. Administrators will greatly improve their virtual machine deployment using some or all of these enhancements.
- Creating host groups
- Adding and managing VMM hosts
- Managing VMware hosts
- Setting up logical and VM networks
- Creating port profiles and logical switches
- Configuring load balancing
- Deploying a virtual machine
- VMM library
- Deploying virtual machines and services in VMM
- VMM profiles and templates