Phaser, flanger, and chorus modulation plugin processing are compared and contrasted in this tutorial on vocal effects. Author Scott Hirsch works through parameters on these processing tools, such as LFO rate, depth, and feedback.
- [Instructor] When we think of delay,…we think of an audible echo effect.…But when you speed up the delay…to the point where you no longer hear individual repeats,…and then you alter those repeats over time,…you enter a whole new class of effects processing.…We call these modulation effects.…Here we'll look at three flavors of modulation:…Phaser, flanger, and chorus.…All of which add some different tonality…to our vocal sound.…Phaser and flanger are very similar in how they work.…
With both effects what we hear is a network of delays…that change their repeat time values…by very small amounts, and they vary over time,…which are then blended back into the dry signal.…The difference technically between the two…has to do with a filter…that the phaser passes through.…Phasers go through an all-pass filter,…resulting in a different sonic texture…than the flanger effect.…Flangers result in a more comb-filtered sound…without this filter.…But enough about how they work.…
The difference between phaser and flanger…are better compared by actually listening to them.…
Audio engineer Scott Hirsch starts with comping the vocals—combining the best performances into one final vocal master take. He explains how to edit out breaths and other noises and fabricate a doubling effect for additional texture and vibe, and then brings in some plugins into the mix—Antares Auto-Tune, Melodyne, and iZotope—to tune vocals and create more interesting soundscapes. In the "Mixing" chapter, Scott enhances the sound of the vocals with EQ, compression, reverb, delay, and automation, adding life and motion to the song. The final track demonstrates everything you can do to maximize the effectiveness of vocals with Studio One.
- Comping takes in Studio One
- Editing breaths and noise
- Doubling and tuning vocals
- Experimenting with iZotope's Stutter Edit
- Processing vocals with EQ and compression
- De-essing vocals
- Using reverb, delay, and modulation effects
- Automating levels and FX in Studio One