Vocal frequency ranges are isolated and discussed for equalization. Scott Hirsch shows how to equalize a vocal using an EQ plugin, to fit with the other instruments in your mix.
- [Instructor] No matter what you…capture from your microphone,…most vocals require a certain amount of equalization…to fit the sound of the voice, musically,…into the mix of the instruments in your song.…Here I'll give you some pointers on…what frequency areas of a vocal…will respond to specific EQ settings,…and how to apply them in Studio One…to make your vocal really shine in a mix.…First I want to go over some…different ranges of the human voice…in the audio frequency spectrum.…
So I'm going to use a tool called a multiband compressor,…only I won't be compressing,…I just want to use this tool,…because it allows me to solo and isolate…different frequency ranges so we can hear…what they sound like alone.…And then we can look over here,…this is the actual equalizer plug in,…and it has a nice visual readout…where you can see what the energy is in each frequency band.…So I'll be using this just as a tool,…and then we can look over here…to see where the energy is in the frequency range…which is across the bottom of this chart here.…
Audio engineer Scott Hirsch starts with comping the vocals—combining the best performances into one final vocal master take. He explains how to edit out breaths and other noises and fabricate a doubling effect for additional texture and vibe, and then brings in some plugins into the mix—Antares Auto-Tune, Melodyne, and iZotope—to tune vocals and create more interesting soundscapes. In the "Mixing" chapter, Scott enhances the sound of the vocals with EQ, compression, reverb, delay, and automation, adding life and motion to the song. The final track demonstrates everything you can do to maximize the effectiveness of vocals with Studio One.
- Comping takes in Studio One
- Editing breaths and noise
- Doubling and tuning vocals
- Experimenting with iZotope's Stutter Edit
- Processing vocals with EQ and compression
- De-essing vocals
- Using reverb, delay, and modulation effects
- Automating levels and FX in Studio One