Join Scott Hirsch for an in-depth discussion in this video Loop recording and comping audio recordings, part of Learning Studio One 3.
- Now that we've seen how to record and punch record, we'll now take a look at loop recording. It's the process where we can do several takes all in a row and then choose the best bits of those takes to make a composite version, or comp. Studio One does this as well as any DAW out there. Let's see how. To make a loop recording, you'll first need to set up the locators to define the loop. So, right now our locators were set back at where we made the punch recording. And I want to make a loop that centers around the second chorus of the song.
So, somewhere over here. I'll just pull this over here. And let's make sure, I want it to start, I think it's right there, but let's check it out. (music clip) So, we're going to loop through. Double chorus. (music clip) So, we'll loop to that point. So I'm going to make the loop slightly longer just to have a little tail on there.
Okay, so that's our loop point. Once we're done setting our loop locators, we're going to then turn on loop. So it wasn't currently on, as we could tell, because it wasn't blue. And as soon as I turn it on, you can do that with the "/" key as well, I've got my loop set and I want to make a new track to do this on. I'm going to actually record a guitar solo on to this end section. And I'll do four loops of it, or as many as it will take me to get the solo right, and then we'll make a comp of those takes.
So, I want to make a new track. Click the new track button. And it kept our old name from the last track we made, but this time I'll call this Electric Guitar Solo. And I want an audio track, I want one, and I'll make a nice, red color for my solo. And I'll keep it on Mono. And for Preset, this time I actually am going to just use one of the Studio One Presets for guitar. And there's this nice, High Gain Quiet Soloing.
I'll use that as my track preset. So all that does it set up the track with an effects chain already on the track. My Input should be the same. I have the guitar plugged into the same input. And we should be good to go. Click OK. And there's my solo track. And we input enable it. And there's my sound. (electric guitar) It's got a nice, little delay in it. I want to see the plugin chain, I can always go here. Click to the number and open up the routing. And I can see it's got an Expander and then the Ampire plugin.
So both of those. And that looks like all that's happening in here. So, that's what we've got going on with that track. So I'm going to start the playback from a little bit before the loop. That's all you need to do to setup. I don't even need to have Auto Punch on. Actually, I don't want Auto Punch on because I want it to loop record. So I'm going to make sure that that's turned off. And we're ready to go. So I'm going to hit Record and I'll do a few passes of the solo. (music clip) There's your pass one.
Pass two. (music clip) Pass three. (music clip) Last pass.
(music clip) So, we left it on the last take. So I did four, complete takes. Some of them were better than others. But notice that our audio event now has a little indication down at the bottom. And this indication tells us that this is a loop recording. And the way to see the loop recording is I can right-click on the audio event, and I can see right here that there's four, complete takes.
And right now, we're centered on Take 4. Now, we can choose between the takes. I can just cycle through and say, "Let's listen to Take 1." And I can hear Take 1. And I can cycle to Take 2 and just pop through all the takes that way if there were one take that I liked more than the other takes. In this case, though, I think our final result is going to be a composite of all the takes. And we call that a "comp" in studio lingo. So we're going to make a comp, we need to see all of the takes and look between them and be able to edit between them.
So for that, we want to unpack the takes. So if I right-click back on the audio event, I can unpack the takes. Right below those take numbers, we have the selection to unpack the takes. And I have the ability to unpack them to their own tracks or new layers or existing layers. We don't have any layers set up yet on this track, so we really have two options. Unpack them to their own tracks or unpack them to new layers. So actually, in this case, I'd want to do layers that are embedded in the same track.
The reason why you might want to do Tracks, I can think of one reason is maybe you're trying to do doubles of vocals. You have a part where you want to do four doubles, four of the same note, singing parts. And then you can loop record, do four takes of the same thing, unpack them to new tracks, and have all of your vocals on separate tracks. So that's one way you can definitely use loop record is to double up a part, or triple, or quadruple up a part. In this case, we're looking for one track to be the end result but want to make a composite out of all of our recordings.
So, we're going to do layers which are embedded layers within the same track. So, I'll choose Unpack Takes to new Layers. As you can see, like I mentioned, we have four takes, but they're all within the same track. And this is cool because I can actually go, and say I want it hear Take 1, I just click the up button, and Take 1 goes to the top. If you've ever comped tracks in logic, this concept, here, is very similar to the way that that works. So, you push the button up to the take that you want to hear on the top layer.
(music clip) So I like this one right up until, about, the end. So I'm going to keep the beginning of Take 1. Now, I want to listen to Take 2 to see if there's anything good in there. So I'm going to leave Take 1 up at the top, but down in the Take 2, I can hit the "s" button and that will solo Take 2. And I can just listen to Take 2.
I'm particularly listening to the end. (music clip) That's pretty good. Let's hear Take 3. (music clip) That's pretty bad right there. (music clip) That was pretty nice at the end. And then let's hear Take 4. (music clip) I like that part.
Okay, so I have a plan. I want to take the middle of Take 4 and the end of Take 2 and the beginning of Take 1. So, I'll leave Take 1 there, and this is how it works. Notice that my tool has suddenly changed to a crosshair. And that's because I'm in, basically, the comp mode. I have my layers open and from this point it's very easy to grab what you want out of each take. So I said I wanted to take the middle of Take 4. All I need to do is click and drag the middle of Take 4, somewhere around there.
And as soon as I let go of the mouse, it pops that right up to the top. That's making our comp up there. And then I want to take the end of Take 2. I just click and drag the end of Take 2 and it pops that up to our comp. So now, like I said, I started with Take 1, I grabbed the middle of Take 4, the end of Take 2. And all I need to do is click and drag the parts of those takes that I liked, and they pop up to the top. So now, I can un-solo this. And I can just listen to the top track, which is our comp. I can even hit record enable off.
And let's hear what we ended up with. (music clip) So that all sounded good, except I realized that I want Take 1 to last a little longer. So to do that, I'll just make a different selection around Take 4. I want to shorten it this way.
So I'll take this part of Take 4, I only want the edge of Take 4, from about this point in. Somewhere right there. So let's see what we end up with, with that selection. (music clip) Great. So I think we've got the best part. We used the front part of Take 1, a little, middle part with the descending thing on Take 4, and then the nice ending of Take 2.
And we have our comp the way we like it. So at this point, when we're done making our comp, we can merge the takes together. And we can do it, actually, non-destructively by selecting the whole comp and typing the "g" key, which is merge. And it makes a merged, whole event out of that comp. And at this point, we can actually close the layers if we want to. And we're back to just our original, merged comp.
And let's take a listen. (music clip) And there we go. Turn off the loop and we've got our song. By the way, that merge, I can also have gotten to by right-clicking on the region and choosing it here. So you know, I typed "g" but it's also in a contextual menu when you right-click on a region, you can merge those events.
So that's how we can use loop record to make a perfect performance out of as many takes as we need to get something right. And this has long been a way to achieve a solid take in audio recording. And as you saw here, Studio One makes it pretty fast and easy to do with the comping tools. In the next movie, we'll talk about options for media recording.
Note: This course was updated to cover Studio One 3.3.
- Configuring your interface and external MIDI devices
- Customizing preferences
- Creating a new song
- Configuring and recording audio
- Loop recording
- Creating multi-instruments
- Quantizing and editing MIDI
- Conforming to the beat
- Mixing in Studio One
- Mastering with EQ, compression, and limiting
- Exporting the final song
Skill Level Beginner
Q: This course was updated on 04/14/2016. What changed?
A: We added one new chapter to cover all the exciting new features in Studio One 3.2, including Mix Engine FX, VCA faders, and new efficiencies for speeding up your editing, looping, and zooming workflows.
Q: This course was updated on 10/13/2016. What changed?
A: We added two tutorials to cover the new features in Studio One 3.3.