Join Julian Velard for an in-depth discussion in this video The natural minor scale, part of Music Theory for Songwriters: Harmony.
- In Music Theory for Songwriters 1,…we looked at harmony solely through the prism…of the major scale.…In this course, we will explore some…of the other possibilities…that western harmony has to offer.…And the best place to start is with the minor scale.…The minor scale is the most commonly used scale…in western music, outside the major scale.…There are three variations of the minor scale:…natural, harmonic, and melodic.…And I will be covering all three,…starting with the natural minor scale.…Like the major scale,…the minor scales are made up of patterns…of whole steps and half steps.…
In fact, the natural minor scale has the same pattern…of interval relationships as the major scale,…but it starts on the sixth degree.…Let me show you what I mean.…Here is the C Major scale and it's interval pattern.…(piano playing)…And here is it's interval pattern.…We start on a tonic of C,…(piano playing)…to a whole step up to D,…a whole step up to E,…a half step to F,…whole step to G,…whole step to A,…whole step to B,…and a half step to C.…
In this installment, musician Julian Velard digs into more intermediate-level music theory topics. Starting with minor scales, he shows examples of classic songs in minor keys, and then explores the modes of the diatonic scale (e.g., the mixolydian mode). Next, Julian dives into chords with 4 or more notes, covering 7th chords, chord extensions (e.g., 9ths, 11ths, and 13ths), suspended chords, diminished chords, augmented chords, and inversions. Finally, he covers key centers, modulations, pedal points, alternate bass notes, and polychords. At the end of each chapter, Julian explains the techniques shown within the context of his own original songs.
- Working in minor scales
- Using Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, and Mixolydian modes to write songs
- Extending chords
- Using 7th chords in a song
- Transposing a song
- Building different harmonies from a single melody