Join Julian Velard for an in-depth discussion in this video Triads, chord progressions, and cadences in a song, part of Music Theory for Songwriters: The Fundamentals.
- So now I'm going to tie in some of the concepts I've just covered. Chord inversions, and voicings, cadences, and chord progressions. By using one of my own songs as an example, called, "New York, I Love It When You're Mean." The song's in F major, and I'm going to pick it up from the middle of the song. ("New York, I Love It When You're Mean" by Julian Velard) ♫ Some other cities may be easy on the eyes ♫ You see yourself living there, happy till you die ♫ But give it to me real, I don't want to live in a dream ♫ New York, I love it when you're mean ♫ New York, it's exactly as it seems ♫ New York, you don't like it you can leave ♫ New York, don't know what it means ♫ When you're mean to me ♫ (jazzy piano music) You'll see I use deceptive cadences a lot in this song.
And the lick is a perfect example. Let's go through the lick here. It's I, to a iii, to a vi, to a V. Again, I, to a iii, to a vi, to a V. So typically from that V chord, you'll expect me to move to a I, which would be F major. But instead, I'll take the C and I'll move it to a D minor, which makes it a vi, and that's a deceptive cadence right there. Here's a V to a I, but instead, I'm going to go V to vi in the song.
(jazzy piano music) Here, you're going to see a ii-V-I, when I go from G minor, to C, to F. (jazzy piano music) Here's another ii-V, but instead of going to the I, I'm going to go to the vi, another deceptive cadence.
(jazzy piano music) IV, V, to the vi. IV, V, to the vi. You'll take a look at some of the chord voicings I do here, I take a B flat, then I'll go to a C in second inversion and I'll finish with an F, in first inversion.
But I'll build it into the lick. (jazzy piano music) So that's an example of some of the chord progressions, and voicings, and inversions, and cadences that I use in my song, "New York, I Love It When You're Mean."
Professional musician Julian Velard starts the course with the building blocks of harmony: notes, scales, intervals, chords, inversions, and basic chord progressions. He then goes into voice leading—showing how to move from one chord to another by changing just one or two notes—and reviews common song forms, from the familiar verse/chorus/verse of pop to the simple verse of the blues. At the end of each chapter, Julian explains the songwriting techniques shown in the chapter within the context of his own original commercially released songs.
- Understanding scales, intervals, and keys
- Triads or three-note chords
- Triad inversions
- Common major-scale chord progressions and cadences
- Voice leading
- Song form elements such as verse, chorus, bridge, hook, and more
- Using common song forms in songwriting