Join Julian Velard for an in-depth discussion in this video Looking at a song's form, part of Music Theory for Songwriters: The Fundamentals.
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- So now I'm gonna tie in some of the things…that I showed you about beats and bars…and about song forms…with one of my own songs, "Joni".…I'm gonna break down the song for you beforehand,…and play it in its entirety so you can follow along.…So the song's in Eb major,…and it's got a BPM of 108.…Although I'm playing it live now, so who knows,…maybe I'll speed it up or slow it down,…but that means 108 beats per minute.…And we go into the intro,…which is 4 bars long,…just instrumental,…and then we start with the verse…which is 16 bars long.…After the verse comes the chorus…which is only 8 bars…and it's followed by another verse…with different lyrics…that's 16 bars long…and then we get to the chorus again,…but this chorus is a double chorus…because it's 16 bars of length.…
And then we go to the bridge of the song,…which is the middle section…that we discussed earlier.…The bridge of "Joni" is in C minor,…which is the relative minor…of the major key of the song.…And you'll notice a shift in mood…when I get there.…Now, bridges are typically…
Professional musician Julian Velard starts the course with the building blocks of harmony: notes, scales, intervals, chords, inversions, and basic chord progressions. He then goes into voice leading—showing how to move from one chord to another by changing just one or two notes—and reviews common song forms, from the familiar verse/chorus/verse of pop to the simple verse of the blues. At the end of each chapter, Julian explains the songwriting techniques shown in the chapter within the context of his own original commercially released songs.
- Understanding scales, intervals, and keys
- Triads or three-note chords
- Triad inversions
- Common major-scale chord progressions and cadences
- Voice leading
- Song form elements such as verse, chorus, bridge, hook, and more
- Using common song forms in songwriting
Skill Level Beginner
1. The Building Blocks of Harmony
2. Triads and Chord Progressions
3. Chord Progressions and Voice Leading
4. Song Forms
Next steps1m 16s
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