Join Julian Velard for an in-depth discussion in this video Beats, bars, and phrases, part of Music Theory for Songwriters: The Fundamentals.
- Song form is the way musical ideas are laid out in time.…Just as I needed to show you notes,…intervals, scales, and triads,…before I could talk about chords,…I need to take you through the way time is measured…in music in order to explain song form.…There are three basic units of time in music:…beats, bars, and phrases.…I'm going to explain each unit to you now,…and then tie them all together with…a musical example at the end of the video.…A beat is the basic unit of time in music.…It's the pulse in comparison to which…we measure all other divisions of time.…
Rhythm is often defined as a repeating sequence…of stressed and unstressed beats.…Tempo, which is the speed or pace of the piece,…is commonly notated in beats per minute.…If a tempo of a given piece is 60 beats per minute,…or BPM, that means a beat will occur every second.…If the tempo is 120 BPM, then a beat…will occur every half a second.…There are units of time in music that are…smaller than a beat and they're called subdivisions.…The way we subdivide the beat is dictated by…
Professional musician Julian Velard starts the course with the building blocks of harmony: notes, scales, intervals, chords, inversions, and basic chord progressions. He then goes into voice leading—showing how to move from one chord to another by changing just one or two notes—and reviews common song forms, from the familiar verse/chorus/verse of pop to the simple verse of the blues. At the end of each chapter, Julian explains the songwriting techniques shown in the chapter within the context of his own original commercially released songs.
- Understanding scales, intervals, and keys
- Triads or three-note chords
- Triad inversions
- Common major-scale chord progressions and cadences
- Voice leading
- Song form elements such as verse, chorus, bridge, hook, and more
- Using common song forms in songwriting
Skill Level Beginner
1. The Building Blocks of Harmony
2. Triads and Chord Progressions
3. Chord Progressions and Voice Leading
4. Song Forms
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