Join Zahraa Khalil for an in-depth discussion in this video IoT standards, part of IoT Foundations: Standards and Ecosystems.
- [Instructor] The third part of IoT ecosystem is IoT standards. Standardization is a voluntary cooperation among industry, customers, public authorities, and other interested parties for the development of a technical specification based on a consensus to agree on test methods. And a requirement for safety, health, and environmental performances. There are different regional and international standards organizations that work on producing in the standards of IoT.
Examples is IEEE, Institution of Electrical and Electronics Engineering; IEC, International Electrotechnical Commission; ISO, International Organization of Standardization; ISA, International Society of Automation; IETF, The Internet Engineering Task Force. For the standards within IoT, there are specific ones for each area. For example, energy management, information technology, communication and networks, health, and education.
Each of the above sectors have a separate standard regarding IoT depending on the Internet of Things application within its area. One of the examples of the IoT standards is the one that's used for IEEE. In IEEE there are around 350 IEEE standards. It has over 140 existing standards related to IoT. So let's take an example of one of the IEEE standards that related to IoT.
The standard document is a comprehensive overview of the rules and specification for that specific standard. The primary functions of the standard document IEEE-SA P2413 are define an IoT architectural framework. Describe various IoT domains, define obstructions, and provide reference models. This standard covers other specification and details as well, but in general this is a high level overview.
You can read more about this standard at the IEEE site. Another example is ISO standards, International Organization of Standardization. ISO standards that are related to IoT are usually developed by international standards group that works as a highly productive collaboration between ISO and IEC. An example of the name is ISO/IEC JTC 1/SWG.
The name means ISO, International Organization for Standardization; IEC, International Electrotechnical Commission; JTC 1, joint technical committee; and SWG, special working group. So this committee works on developing the IoT standards. An example is ISO/IEC 30141.
Internet of Things Reference Architecture, or IoT RA. The standard covers the following: define the IoT domain, characteristics of IoT system, IoT reference model, and IoT identification of the entity and interoperability. There are some challenges that face the standardization within IoT. Some of the challenges, but not limited to, is coming up with a common definition for IoT that makes it easier to identify its components.
The other one is a global reach and coordination, and this one is very important as it saves time and effort within the different organizations that work on development of the standards. The third challenge is architecture and reference models, and this means having a common agreement on the architecture used within certain areas like data transmission, or energy, or transportation. And finally, scalability, which means that the developers of standards need to keep in mind that these standards can be applied widely to different regions.
- IoT architecture models and components
- IoT ecosystem
- IoT technology, markets, and standards
- IoT technology
- Security, privacy, and legal issues
- IoT device management
- IoT protocols for device management
- IoT device management challenges and applications
- Smart cities