In this video, Zahraa Khalil explains what industrial automation is, the main three network-levels—device, control, and management—and the components of an industrial automation system.
- [Instructor] Industrial automation simply means the replacement with computers, robots, and machines to that of human thinking. In another words, they simply do the work instead of humans and operators within industrial settings. So the definition of industrial automation is the use of set of technologies and automatic control devices for control systems such as computers and robots. These devices are used for handling different operations and control of industrial processes without significant human intervention.
The word automation means to act of oneself or to act unadvisedly and it's derived from the Greek words auto which means self and word matos which means moving. Automation therefore is the mechanism for a system that moves by itself. So automation industry replaces the human involvement with the use of logic programming commands and powerful machines to achieve the desired tasks. Industrial automation components include controllers including different types like Programmable Logic Controllers PLC, Distributed Control System DCS, field industrial devices, industrial communication and networking, Human-Machine Interface HMI, Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition SCADA, and personal computers.
Industrial automation system can be very complex in nature having large number of devices working in synchronization with automation technology. However, to simplify the concept, there are three main levels within the automation system, field level, control level, management and information level. Field level are the devices used within the field. Control level is the different type of controller used. Management and information level is the upper level where the logic and design is done.
Learn about the components and networks involved at each level of automation: field level, control level, and management level. Explore the different devices involved, from the programmable logic controllers (PLCs) on the factory floor, to OPC software that give technicians insights into operations. Instructor Zahraa Khalil, an engineer and educator, also provides an overview of SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition), an industrial control system architecture that enables supervision over large distances and multiple sites.
- Overview of industrial automation
- Field level
- Communication level
- Management level
- PLC programming
- OPC software