Join Paul J. Smith for an in-depth discussion in this video Floor plan views, part of SketchUp for Architecture: LayOut (2015).
- So, we're in Chapter 05-02, and this is where we're going to create the floor plans. And now, before we go straight into it, there are a couple things that you need to be aware of when creating floor plans. And, it is entirely up to you which method you decide. But, I'll show you all the different types of ways of generating these things. As we should known by now SketchUp isn't solid modeling. It's surface modeling, so there's holes between walls and any sort of gap that you have. For example, if we zoom in on a door, this isn't a solid sort of element.
Now, when you draw these things in CAD for example, ie AutoCAD. You're just drawing a 2D outline on a white background so everything looks white. The benefit of using something like SketchUp is that you can get the finishes and some shadow settings with your floor plan. So, the client gets a little bit more of an idea of how the thing is gonna be laid out. They find it easier to understand, and especially if you go into the 3D sort of elements. Then, it all becomes much more salable as far as you are concerned. So, with that in mind there are a couple of ways to get around the fact that there are big holes in the walls.
Now, you could just ignore it. You could just draw these things in Layout, there's nothing to stop you using the pencil tool, or this rectangle tool and filling in these things as an Overlay. But, the easiest way to do it is to use the Group From Slice function in SketchUp. When you create your floor plan view, you'll get all the benefits of having this backdrop which we can rasterize, so it's like an image. And then, we can have a nice sharp edged Vector Overlay sitting on top of it.
So, I've got two layers. I've got the background image, I'll turn that off for a second. So, that's the prettiness. And then, we've got this Wall Fill. And, the background image is a rasterized image. But, this wall fill, if I just select that, is vector. And, vector gives us a very nice sharp edge. So, you get the benefits of a nice crisp sort of outline for everything. And, you can then upscale this, I could explode this if I wanted to in Layout, which would turn this to a un-referenced lined drawing.
And then, I've got the freedom to go in and sort of start changing the line thickness, should I want to. Or, I ca do a global change with the vector on the Styles. So, I could just say Line Weight for all the lines would be maybe .4, .5, whatever. We'll cover all that later on. These are just two ways of doing it. If I turn off the Wall Fill and show you the background. So, you can see there's some sort of scrappy elements in the SketchUp model. And, this is because when I was putting the floors in I didn't necessarily want to take, drawn in the floor around this, especially because we had the skirting boards shown.
And, sort of door arc trays which all look great in 3D, but when you come to 2D they can look a bit fussy. Especially, at a scale of 1 to 50 or 1 to 48. So, you can turn all that off and then just cover over with that image. And, the benefit of creating a Group from Slice in SketchUp is if you have created the doors and windows as components, then you start editing one or two of them and they all update within that Slice. So, I'll show you the different methods.
And, I'll leave it up to you to decide which you prefer. But, if we go back into SketchUp now. We're in Chapter 05-02, and we're going to be looking at our completed house. So, we've already got our site plan set up. We are now going to decide where to put our floor plans. So, we need to choose the Section Cut. And, we'll just drop it in. And, we've created Section Cut you need to select the edge of the Section Cut, then move that up to a height.
And then, you've got a Height Value here. So, say it was 1500 or 1600. If you wanted a specfic height then you could do that. Or, we could, as it's still selected, I can still zoom in and move it up a little bit more. Say, I wanted to get to the top of the fridge, but show the door cuts then it might be possible to do that. Or not, or just cut through the fridge and be done with it. But, you do want to pick up a Section Slice. It gives you the benefit of cutting through doors and windows, so you can see those positions.
Okay so, I'll say these sorts of things as far as clients are concerned are absolutely fantastic. And, there are some plug-ins that will fill these gaps in for you. But, I'm trying to do this series without relying too heavily on plug-ins, so that you get the benefit of understanding what is possible without sort of going down that route. But, sometimes the plug-ins are just invaluable. So, say this was a suitable floor plan. We can now go to Camera Position and set a parallel projection.
And, we just go to our Top View. Now, it's entirely up to you whether you want to show the shadows or not, but the shadows will be able to be displayed in Layout, just by turning on the Shadows option. So, let's close that down. So, it's entirely up to you whether you want to show those. Zoom out a bit. Now, the other thing is whether you want to show the outline of the floor around it. Personally, I don't. So, what I'm gonna do is turn off the Landscape.
Okay, so that's one thing I want to turn off. The other thing, I want to do is get rid of my doors and windows, simply because I'm going to use the Group from Slice option. And, I'll be happy with that. So, doors are going off and windows will go off. And, the other thing I want to turn off is Second Fix, which is my skirting and arc trays. Okay, so before we create our scene, I just want to make sure that we've got our Style set correctly. So, Window and Styles, I always seem to think it's further down than it is.
And, let's pick this one, Cut Shaded Thin Section, or Cut Shaded No Profile. Either of these would be fine. So, I'll choose Cut Shaded No Profile. I can close that down. And then, we can go to Right Click, add, Right Click, Scene Manager, and Floor Plan. Could write Ground or First depends on where you're from.
So, Ground Floor plan, hit the enter key. And, that's created our Ground Floor Plan. So, all we need to do now is create another Section Slice, Which will be for our First Floor plan, and we are done. So, Section Plane, Pop it in. Select it, then move it up to the upper floor. And then, we can go again to the Roof Plan. And, if this is suitable then we can make sure we've got our correct style.
So, View, Styles, and Cut Shaded No Profile. So, again, that turns off Section Planes. It's very useful to have these styles all set, ready to go. And, we can then Right Click, add, and with our Scene Manager We'll call it First Floor or Second Floor Plan dependent again, on what your preference is. And, that's it, done. So,we've created a site plan now, two floor plans.
Just right click and update. Which is good, make sure that's fine. Right Click and update as well. And then, I'll save this drawing out and we are ready for the next bit, which is creating sections.
- Creating a template watermark
- Mixing and saving styles
- Adding and updating scenes
- Aligning and animating scenes
- Adding and animating sections
- Creating views
- Customizing layout preferences and document setup
- Working with references in LayOut
- Building a template
- Working with site plans
- Coordinating plans and elevations
- Adding text, dimensions, and title blocks
- Building a scrapbook