Learn to draw walls to scale in the top view in parallel projection with the Line and Offset tools. Bounded edges automatically make faces in SketchUp.
- [Instructor] In this video, we're going to draw the two-D floor plan of a existing garage structure. Now everyone's situation is going to be different. I'm going to assume in this project that we have an existing single-car garage in the backyard that we're ultimately going to convert into a man cave or a she shed. So even if your situation in reality is different, please just follow along with this project to gain some experience with SketchUp. I'd like to begin by drawing the floor plan with a rectangle.
So I'll press R orclick this icon to activate that. Notice on the status bar it says Select First Corner. I'm going to click the first corner at the origin point right here. Now as I move the cursor over, I'm not holding the mouse button down anymore. I just clicked and released it at the origin point. Now over here, if you move the cursor around, you'll see there's a couple of places where it will give you a tool tip. Namely where it says square, or where it says golden section.
And there's actually another orientation for golden section over here somewhere. There it is. So these proportions are built in to SketchUp, and you can use them by clicking, or we can type in specific dimensions. In the lower right-hand corner, there are values given down there. And as I move the cursor, those values change. Observe that the values are separated with a comma. The first number is in the red direction, and the second number is in the green direction. Let's say our existing garage measures 14 feet in width, comma, 22 feet in length.
The foot symbol in SketchUp is the apostrophe, and it's located on the key next to the enter or return key. I'll press return, and that creates the rectangle at the given size. The next thing we need to know is how to navigate in three dimensional space so that we can get another view of this object. You can use the orbit tool right here and then drag in the view port to orbit around and look at this from different angles. The zoom tool works like this. You drag up to zoom in or down to zoom out.
Dragging left or right doesn't really do anything. It's the vertical component that zooms. There's also the pan tool here. And it works like this. Drag to the left, to the right, up or down to effectively move the object around on the screen. What's really happening is you're moving a virtual camera in an opposite direction. There's a shortcut for all three of these navigation tools if you have a mouse that has a wheel. I'll go to the select tool. I'll rotate the wheel to zoom in or out.
I'll drag the wheel to orbit, and hold the shift key while dragging the wheel to pan. So this is an alternative method of navigation. The next thing I want to do is create wall thickness. So we have the floor plate basically of the garage, but now we need to think about the actual walls. So let's use the offset tool that's located right here. You can press O to activate this. On the status bar, it says select face or edges to offset.
Let's click on this face inside. And as I move the cursor, you'll see that we have a preview of what we can offset. If I move the cursor outside, you can see that we could offset it out there. But in this case I don't want to do that. I want to offset inside the floor plate by a distance of four and a half inches. So I'll type four point five, enter. Observe that I did not have to type in a special inch symbol. SketchUp is going to assume that any numbers that you enter are going to be inches unless otherwise noted with the foot symbol.
Next go to the select tool and select the inner face by clicking on it, then press the delete key to get rid of it. Let's say that the garage door is located here. We're going to have two doors that swing open. I'll zoom in, by rotating the mouse wheel. And if you don't have a mouse with a wheel, you can use this tool. Use the line tool, or press L to activate it, and it says select start point. Click this point right here where it says endpoint. And then if you move the cursor over in the green direction, it will highlight and kind of snap into that direction.
Then you want to click right here where there's a red dot that says on edge. Next I'd like to move that line over four inches so that we have a little stub here that we can attach the hinges to. To do that, I'll use the select tool, click on that edge, and then use the move tool. You can press M for the move tool, by the way. Then I will move it from some arbitrary point. So I'll just click right there. And as I move the cursor you'll see that I'm actually moving that edge, but it's moving everything that's connected to it, and that's not what I want.
Instead, I'd like to use an option to copy that edge. And you actually press the option key on the Mac or the control key on Windows to access that. Now I'm moving that edge alone, and the original is left behind. I need to move the cursor in the direction that I want to copy this object, namely the red direction. Then I'll type in a value, four, enter. Now I'll use the eraser tool, or press E, and click on this original edge to get rid of it.
Let's do something similar to this on the other side of the garage. I'll zoom out, I'll position the cursor over here in this corner, but not click anything, and then roll the mouse wheel to zoom in there. I'll also pan to center this area more or less on the screen, so we can work on it. Then I'll press L for line, and draw another line in here from this endpoint over, snap it to the other edge. Then press the space bar to go to the select tool, click this edge, press M for the move tool, click a point to start moving and then press and release the option key on the Mac or the control key on Windows to copy, move the cursor in the red direction and type four, enter.
Then erase the original edge and then erase these two edges. Now we have stubs on either side to attach the garage doors to. This garage is a very simple structure. It just has the garage doors and one door back here. We're going to assume that this here on this side is the garden of the backyard. We're going to orbit around, zoom in here.
And let's make a door opening in the wall. Let's draw a line across here, press the space bar, select the edge, press M for move, start moving, press the option key on the Mac or the control key on Windows, and let's move it over four enter, four inches. And I'll press E and erase the original edge, press the space bar and select the new edge. Press M for move, move it over. I'll press option or alt to copy, establish the direction that I want to move in, in this case it's along the green axis.
And I'll type in two feet six for a standard door width. Then I'll use the eraser tool and erase these edges inside to get rid of that segment of the wall. When you're done, save your work as Structure One.
- Drawing a floor plan
- Modeling the walls, doors, and roof of an existing structure
- Creating a workshop
- Designing an entertainment room
- Designing a bathroom
- Decorating the space
- Creating an appealing design visualization