SketchUp gives you a few ways to create walls and floors. You can differentiate between interior and exterior walls, and add features such as columns, windows and doorways. You can also draw lines to signify where one floor ends and another begins. In this video tutorial you will learn how to create walls and floors in SketchUp.
Once you've imported a AutoCAD drawing into SketchUp, and have import on a single layer, you can start to modify the model by creating the walls and floors. There are a few methods and techniques that you can use. First of all, let's take a look at this. You notice here when I kind of highlight portions of the walls. They're on the background layer. What we have, though, is a current layer, which is the exterior. And you'll notice also that even though we brought this in, it hasn't created any faces for any of these walls.
So we're going to have to go ahead and create some. Now the way that you do that is to delete some geometry. So I'm going to come over and pick like this portion here and then just delete it. You'll notice that it's open. And then I'll pick the pencil tool. And then come over and click on that. And it goes ahead and creates the face. So I can do that throughout the entire drawing. When I do this it will be on that A Wall Exterior layer. But we're going to have to do a few other things with that too.
I'm going to come over here and take this one out, and we'll go ahead and redo this one too. You'll see I went ahead and made that up. I'll take this one out over on the side here. Go ahead and create that. So now you see these have been created with faces. Let's take a look at another situation. Over here we have what appears to be some columns and another wall. Another way to do things, I'm going to come over here and make these interior. And I'm going to pick up the rectangle tool.
And I'm just going to go ahead and basically fill in something like this. You can actually go ahead and do something like that as well. And you'll notice now that we have those. Now, the only other problem that you have to do, is to make sure that these are all on the correct layer. If I come in here and window this, you'll notice that there seems to be no layer selected. That's because you have the background layer with some geometry on it, and you also have the A Wall Interior layer with geometry on it.
So we're going to change that, and make sure that it's all on one particular layer. We'll pick up A Wall Interior, and we'll do the same thing with these guys here too. So I'll make sure that, that is all on the interior layer. And we'll do the same thing with this grouping here. We'll make sure that these as well all end up on the exterior layer. Now, I might want to make a little change, because this is kind of an interior wall. So, in order to kind of clean that up a little bit, what I might do is use the pencil tool and make a cut here.
And when I make the cut I can then pick up the other portions of the geometry and put that onto the interior layer. So if I wanted to turn these layers on and off, I can go ahead and do that. And that's basically what you would do in the process, the procedure of things, as far as going around taking out a piece of geometry, redrawing it, and it will then go ahead and recreate the face. So, when you're drawing walls, it's a good practice to make sure that you're on the correct layer.
And then make sure that after you've gone ahead and you've created the face, that you go ahead and window the whole area. And then make sure that they are on the right layer that you want them to be on. Now there's lots of ways of cutting cheese here too by the way. I mean, you can keep everything on the background layer or all on one wall layer too. So it just depends on how you want to work your model. Let's take a look at another situation, I'm going to close this drawing out. And I'm not going to save any changes. And in this case were going to start up a new SketchUp, and were going to open up another file which is called 1419 House Flooring.
Now in this case what were going to do is were going to create the floors for this house. If you noticed there is been a rectangle that has been drawn and if I click on the rectangle it's one solid piece. In other words, the faces for all the various floors that we need are not shown here. So we need to kind of fix that. We are on the floors layer, so I'm going to come over and pick up the pencil tool. And what I'm going to do is I'm going to draw basically lines anywhere I have an opening.
That will close the drawing, and at the same time allow me to go ahead and make the floors for the interiors of this building. All I'm doing is just coming through and connecting. I'll hit Select, and we'll kind of spin out here. And you notice here that I have one face that represents the floor for the building. That means I don't need the rest of the rectangle. So what I'm going to do is come in here and get rid of this. And now I have basically my layout set up for one floor.
Now, I can take this a step further and decide that there's probably some transitions and things that I would like to go ahead and do. Like maybe in the front foyer area I want to have a different material there. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to come in and I'm going to put in a transition right here. And you'll notice I just went ahead and created a separate floor there. And in between the bathroom and the master bedroom, I want another floor in there. So now when I look at this, here's one floor, here's another floor, and I can keep on doing that throughout the entire drawing.
Here's the dining room. We'll do one more. We'll take this and split this up into a separate floor as well. And we'll come over here at the columns and we'll take the mid points of the columns. There you have another floor for the dinning room. There are a number of methods to create walls and get them onto the right layers from an imported file. You can delete lines and then redraw them to create the phases. Use the rectangle tool inside the imported walls to create the faces.
Remember, after creating a few walls, select them and make sure that they are on the correct layer. You can easily create walls by closing off all exterior openings using doorway transitions. Make sure that you've created a floor layer for the faces and those transition strips.
- Drawing 2D floor plans in SketchUp
- Selecting the right template and tools
- Creating components
- Cleaning up walls and creating door and window openings
- Using x-ray views when adding doors and windows
- Using layers to manage your views effectively
- Capturing materials to use in your design
- Applying materials to components
- Exporting your drawing as an image