Join Julian Velard for an in-depth discussion in this video Turnarounds, part of Songwriting Techniques with Chords.
- A turnaround is a chord progression…that's designed to circle back to the starting point,…allowing the song to continue seamlessly.…Turnarounds have been around for centuries,…and are a staple of the American songbook,…the collection of songs that form…the basis of jazz music.…Often in jazz standards, we'll see a turnaround…used to signal the end of a section, or 32-bar form.…In the world of the modern pop song,…a turnaround means a progression that literally…turns the phrase around and gets us back to the start.…The goal of most turnarounds is to lead the ear…back to the tonic chord of the song.…
One of the most obvious and famous examples of a turnaround…is the chord progression of Pachelbel's Cannon.…Listen to how the sequence of chords…inevitably leads you back to the I chord.…Take a listen to this chord progression.…I'll call out the chords as they come by.…Here's the C chord (piano chord rings out)…to the G chord (piano chord rings out)…to the A minor (piano chord rings out)…to E minor (piano chord rings out)…
In this course, musician Julian Velard demonstrates the many ways to write songs with chords, and how altering chords can change how a song sounds. He starts by explaining how chords and harmony affect a song's feel and form. Next, he shows how to harmonize a melody with chords, and demonstrates how changing the harmonic rhythm can affect the feel and sound of a song. Julian then illustrates how to form an entire song using chords. Finally, he goes deeper and shows how to use chord extensions as melody notes to create a more complex melody.
- Harmonizing a melody
- Changing the harmonic rhythm
- Treating the melody as a chord extension
- Moving from a verse to a chorus
- Transitioning from a chorus to a bridge