Jenny Amaya explains a variety of ways to input, edit, change, and delete key signatures after the score has been created. She also shows how an existing note's pitch is affected by a key signature change.
- [Instructor] Prior to inputting notes on the score page, it's a good idea to practice inputting and working with some of the most common score notations like key signatures, time signatures, and clefs. Once you learn how to work with one or two score objects like these, working with others becomes very easy. There are a few ways to input key signatures and other score objects on to your score. Let's go ahead and start by adding a key signature to the very beginning of this score. To load a key signature into your mouse, escape so that nothing is selected in your score.
Then press K for the key signature gallery. You can also get to the gallery by going to the notations tab, into the common group, and selecting key signature. From here, go ahead and choose a new key signature. I'll choose B flat major, and because we had nothing selected, that key signature will load into our mouse, and our mouse pointer will turn blue. Aim your mouse pointer at the start of any bar. In this case, we're going to add it to the beginning of the score.
So, right over here where the key signature would normally be, go ahead and aim, and click, and you've just added a key signature to the start of your score. There are other ways to accomplish this same task. Rather than loading your mouse, and pointing and clicking where you'd like the key signature to go, you can input the key signature at the start of any specified or selected bar. To do this, maneuver to an area in your score where you'd like to add another key signature change. Go ahead and select a bar line at the start of the bar where you'd like the key signature to appear.
So, if I'd like the key signature to appear right here at the start of our five, I'm going to select this bar line in front of our five. When you select the bar line, it should turn purple. Now again, press K for the key signature gallery. Choose a new key signature from the gallery. Since we're already in B flat major, I'll go ahead and change this to A major, and when you select the key signature from the gallery, Sibelius places it right into the score for you just to the right of the selected bar line. To continue, we may need to add a few bars to this score.
Command or control B will add bars to the end, and you can use the end key to move just a little bit to the right, and escape. There's one more way that you can input key signature changes into your score. So, let's say that your score's going to migrate to another key for only a few bars before returning to the previous key signature. In instances like that, you'll want to make a range selection before adding your new key signature into your score, which will employ Sibelius's restorative objects feature.
To input a new key signature for a selected number of bars only, and to have Sibelius restore you to the old key signature at the end of your selection, do the following. Escape so that nothing is selected in your score. Select a range of bars. I'm going to click right here on bar 12, and hold shift and click a few bars later. With that range selected, go ahead and press K for the key signature gallery, choose a key signature that's different from the one you're currently using. I'm in A major.
So, let's go into F major. Click on F major, and Sibelius inputs the new key signature at the beginning of your selection, and restores the old key signature at the end of your selection. The restorative objects feature works with many other objects in Sibelius, not just with key signatures. If you want to dive a bit further into more advanced key signature options, be aware that there are more options available to you at the bottom of the key signature gallery. Escape.
Press K for key signature, and make your way to the very bottom of the gallery list, and click on more options. This opens the legacy, or the old key signature dialogue. This was the dialogue we used to use in Sibelius prior to version seven. So, there are a few extra options here for you at the bottom for hiding key signatures, and for creating them only on one staff at a time. Go ahead and escape out of this dialogue, because I have a few more notes for you about key signatures.
I'm going to have to set up my score for you to show you some of this information. I know you may not know how to input notes yet, and that's okay. Just follow along with me for now. So, I'm going to add a few more bars, command B, and I'm going to use the end key to move toward the end of my score. I'm going to go ahead and put in a system break here, as well, select the bar line and press return, and again, I'm just going to move over to the last page. We're in the key signature A major, and I'm just going to go ahead and add an A major scale right here in bar 20.
(flute music) So, I've inputted an A major scale within an A major key signature. So, all of my notes fit diatonically within that key signature. If you input a key signature in an area to the left of pre-existing notes, Sibelius applies the key signature to the notes, but does not transpose the notes to fit into the key signature. So, if I change the key signature to the left of this scale, watch what happens.
I'm going to press escape, K for key signature. We'll choose something other than A major. I'll choose E flat major. I'll load that in my mouse, and just before the scale, I'll go ahead and click that in on the score. So, the scale itself does not change. It did not transpose the scale. Accidentals are now applied so the pitches themselves are left unchanged, and so that they fit within the new key signature properly. There's another key signature anomaly you should be aware of.
I'm going to use command home to get back to the very beginning of my score. One thing you may notice is that you cannot delete the opening key signature in your score. If I go over here and hover over this B flat major key signature, I cannot select it to delete it. You also can't delete key signature changes that occur at the very beginning of any of the systems in your score. So, if you have a key signature at the beginning of your score, and you don't want a key signature at the beginning of your score, then you'll have to replace it by doing the following.
Again, escape so that nothing is selected in your score. Press K for key signature, and you have to load the C major, A minor, or A tonal no key key signature into your mouse, something without accidentals that will make it appear as if there's no key signature. So, I'm going to choose C major. Hover your loaded mouse pointer on top of your existing key signature at the start of your score, and click to input the new key signature. If the new key signature has no sharps or flats, it will appear as if you've deleted the original key signature when you've actually replaced it.
Another thing about key signatures. Key signature changes, meaning any key signature inputted after the initial key signature, they can be deleted at the location where they first appear. So, this here in the middle of my first page is a key signature change. I can select that. Once you select it, you can simply press delete or backspace to delete it. You'll also want to select the double bar line that accompanied the key signature change, and delete that, as well.
Now, if a key signature change first appears at the beginning of a system, then we can set this up by selecting the double bar line where the key signature appears, and press return or enter to enter a system break. I'm going to go ahead and use end to move over a little bit here. There we go. So this is a key signature change occurring here so that the new key signature begins at the beginning of a system. I can't delete this at the beginning of a system.
I have to delete where the change occurs, which is over here on the left hand side at the end of the previous system. This is the cautionary key signature. So, if we select the cautionary, and press delete or backspace, we remove that key signature, and again select that double bar, and delete it, as well. Sibelius automatically adjusts notes by adding or removing accidentals when key signatures are removed, as well. So, if we go back to the scale that I entered over here on this last page.
If I delete this E flat major key signature, select it and delete it, then Sibelius will adjust those notes to the prior key signature, which in this case is F major. Again, the notes do not transpose. They simply adjust to the new key signature. So, hopefully this video has provided you with enough knowledge to begin working in a variety of different ways with Sibelius's key signatures.
- Installing and launching Sibelius
- Opening and closing a score
- Navigating through the score
- Using important single-key shortcuts
- Marking and coloring a score
- Playing and replaying a score
- Editing selections and deleting staves
- Creating a new score and inputting score objects
- Editing during and after note input
- Editing pitches and rhythms
- Working with text styles
- Finishing and printing a score