Join Paul F. Aubin for an in-depth discussion in this video Working with visibility and graphic overrides, part of Revit 2018: Essential Training for Architecture (Imperial).
- [Voiceover] In this movie we're going to look at the visibility graphic overrides dialogue. Now the visibility graphic overrides dialogue allows you to customize the way that elements display within the current view. So any change you make in the visibility graphics dialogue is only in the view that you're working in. It's a view-specific modification. So this is a really handy way that you can go in and customize the way that elements display for a variety of purposes. So let's start by first looking at the visibility graphics dialogue and understanding how it functions. So I'm here at a floor plan and I'm going to go to the View tab.
I'll click the visibility graphics button right here. The shortcut for it is VG. Now in this dialogue you'll see a list of tabs across the top and that organizes all the categories within the model. I'm going to focus on the Model Categories tab here. Right below that is a Filter list and if you want, you can limit the list of categories to just a particular discipline, but I'm going to leave Show All enabled here. Now all of the model categories are then listed here and if we scroll down and do something fairly obvious.
Let's take the doors category and notice these check marks over here. By unchecking the box, you will hide that category. Now if I move the visibility graphics out of the way and I click Apply, you'll see all of the doors disappear in the view beyond. Now if I accept that change and click Ok and open up the second floor, Level 2 floor plan, notice that the doors are still displayed here. So it's really important to understand that any change you make in visibility graphics affects only the current view.
Now I can't think of too many good reasons to turn the doors off so I'm going to go ahead and check those back on again and click Ok. So let's do something a little bit more practical. If I zoom in here and take a look around, you can see that I'm displaying lots of different objects right now. I've got furniture displayed. I've got some electrical fixtures, light switches, doors, windows, walls, and so on. Perhaps I want to create a dedicated furniture plan. So within that furniture plan I only want to see the furniture and I want to eliminate some of the other elements that may not be necessary to see in a furniture plan.
Then perhaps I want to do a similar plan for showing the electrical equipment. So again, I might duplicate the plan and vary it slightly. So let's walk through the process to achieve those results. The first step is to right click the Level 1 floor plan and then go to the duplicate option here. There are actually three options available on this menu here and I'm only going to focus on the first two. So if I choose Duplicate, notice that it will create Level 1 Copy 1 and what it creates is a new view that shows only the model elements from the previous view.
So it's a copy of the vantage point and the cut and so forth but it only shows me the model. If I right click Level 1 and choose Duplicate with Detailing, then I get an exact copy of the floor plan, including all of the view-specific annotation. So this is important to understand because there's a fundamental difference between model elements and view-specific elements. The view-specific annotation like the tags, like the dimensions, like any text, only exists in the current view.
So simply by choosing whether you want to duplicate it or not, you decide whether or not those elements should display. In other words, it's never a good idea to hide annotation. It's much better to just simply add and show the annotation you want. So for example, this Level 1 Copy 2, I'm going to right click it and choose Rename. Then I'm going to rename it and call this Level 1 - Furniture. So in this view, I want to continue to see the furniture, but I want to remove some of the other, more distracting categories.
Furthermore, I don't really think I need things like door tags or window tags in this view. So in this furniture plan view now, I want to customize it to show me only the furniture and the other things that I would need to see in order to support a furniture plan. So let's go back to visibility graphics, or you can type VG. One of the things I don't want to see in this furniture plan view is any of these electrical fixtures. So I'm going to scroll down here and choose electrical fixtures and uncheck the box and click Apply.
Notice that removes all of the outlets and any light switches and that simplifies the view of what I have on screen here. Now, you might be tempted to move over to the annotation categories next and start hiding categories that you don't want to see. Things like the door tags category, for example. I would highly recommend against doing this. I'm going to click Ok and show you why. If I go back to Level 1 Copy 1, this view shows the doors but it doesn't have any tags.
So by simply duplicating the view without the detailing, I automatically got a clean copy of the view without any tags. So this view might be a more appropriate starting point for working with that furniture. Well in this case, I've already duplicated it with detailing so what do I do? What you actually do is you just simply delete the tags that you don't want. Now at first that might seem a little strange. Why would I delete it, what if I want to get it back again? Well, just remember that if you go back to the original Level 1 floor plan, the tag is still here.
Also remember that deleting the tag doesn't change the door in any way. So this door still knows that it's door number 6, whether or not that tag is displayed. So the annotation only needs to exist in the views that you want it in and you can easily delete it in any other view. So what I'm going to do instead here is I'm going to zoom all the way out, make a window selection around the entire plan, go to my Filter command, check None. I'm going to check the door tags and the window tags.
Actually I don't really want the dimensions either. So I'm going to choose the dimensions as well, click Ok. Now I'm going to press Delete to delete those elements. Now, what was the advantage of doing it that way versus simply duplicating without detailing? Well, that preserved my room tags. So duplicate with detailing duplicates all the detailing. You can't just choose certain categories. So what you do is you duplicate with detailing and then delete the categories you didn't want, or back here on Level 1 Copy 1, which I'm going to right click and rename to Level 1 - Power, I could just simply add the room tags back here.
Now I could use the tag command to do that, but a much easier way to do that is to go back to one of the views that displays the tags, make a window selection around the entire plan, Filter, check None, select Room Tags only, click Ok and then copy them to my clipboard. Then I'm going to go to the Level 1 - Power plan and do Paste, Aligned to Current View, and that will paste all of the room tags into this view. So whether or not you start with the detailing and delete the detailing you don't want, or you start without the detailing and paste in what you do want, it's really up to you.
Now, to make this a true power plan, maybe I don't want to see the furniture here. So I'll go back to visibilty graphics, I just typed VG, and locate the furniture category, and I'll hide it. So now that looks pretty good, but maybe I look at that again and I say well, I don't know, I might like to see the furniture. I just didn't want it quite so intense. Back to VG one more time. VG isn't just about turning objects on and off. So I can turn the furniture back on again, but notice all these override buttons here.
You could override the line style that's used for the furniture. You could override the fill pattern that's used for the furniture. You could make it transparent, or you could come over here and check this box and make it halftone. Now when I do that and I click Ok, notice the furniture reappears, but it appears in a light gray color now, so it's not quite as overpowering as it was a moment ago. Now if I review each of the plans, this is my Level 1 - Power displaying room tags only and all the power equipment and the furniture in halftone.
Here's my furniture plan showing none of the electrical fixtures, showing the room tags and the furniture in full intensity, and then here's my standard, regular Level 1 floor plan that still shows everything. So of course in this Level 1 floor plan, I could hide the categories that I don't want to see. Maybe I want to keep this one really clean. I could hide both the furniture and the electrical fixtures and click Ok and now I have a very clean floor plan here.
So each of these floor plans shows the model in a very custom way and that's what we use visibility graphics for. By customizing the settings in visibility graphics, you know that the settings are applying only to the current view and you can create different kinds of views that convey different intent for each one. Keep in mind however, that while it is possible to hide annotation categories, I recommend against it. Instead, simply delete the annotation that you don't want to see in a particular view, knowing full well that it's only deleting it there and that it still exists in any other view.
First, get comfortable with the Revit environment, and learn to set up a project and add the grids, levels, and dimensions that will anchor your design. Then author Paul F. Aubin helps you dive into modeling: adding walls, doors, and windows; using joins and constraints; creating and mirroring groups; linking to external assets and DWG files; and modeling floors, roofs, and ceilings.
Paul also shows advanced techniques for modeling stairs and complex walls, adding rooms, and creating schedules. Finally, discover how to annotate your drawings so all the components are clearly understood, and learn how to output sheets to DWF, PDF, or AutoCAD.
- Understanding BIM and the Revit element hierarchy
- Navigating views
- Creating a new project from a template
- Adding walls, doors, and windows
- Adding plumbing fixtures and other components
- Linking AutoCAD DWG files
- Rotating and aligning Revit links
- Working with footprint and extrusion roofs
- Adding openings
- Adding railings and extensions to stairs
- Creating stacked and curtain walls
- Hiding and isolating objects
- Adding rooms
- Creating schedule views and tags
- Adding text and dimensions
- Creating new families
- Using reference planes, parameters, and constraints
- Plotting and creating a PDF