When you want to apply finishes to the surfaces of the wall geometry in your model, you have a few options. You can edit the properties of the wall type and apply a new material, which has the advantage of applying the material throughout the model wherever that wall type is used. Or you can use the Paint tool to apply a material override directly on a selected surface in the model. Used with the Split Face tool, you can apply finishes just like they will be applied in real life.
- [Instructor] This video, I want to show you a couple different ways to apply materials to the surfaces of the walls, particularly in an interior, but you could actually use this technique anywhere. So I've got this nice interior space, but right now, everything is a sort of dull gray, right? So, maybe, I want to, kind of, liven it up a little bit, and start indicating that there's different paint colors, or different finishes on the surfaces of these walls. So, how would we go about doing that? Well, you may recall that the, wall material parameters are actually part of the wall assembly. So, if I select one of my walls here, and I go to Edit Type, and then Edit Structure, let's go ahead and widen this out so we can see things, there's a Gypsum Wall Board material here that's assigned to both finish layers, layer one, layer five, the exterior side, the interior side.
And that's what's giving us the gray color right now. Now, if we select that, one of those, and click the little browse button here. That takes us to the material browser, here's Gypsum Wall Board, and there's the gray color. So your first instinct might be to just simply click on this color and choose something else, right? So, let me go ahead and choose something really bright and obnoxious, just so that it really stands out, and we'll see the impact of the change we're about to make. I'm going to click OK a bunch of times, and when we do, we get this really bright fuchsia color, but more importantly, what you're probably noticing is, the impact was a little bit more broad than maybe you were expecting.
It didn't affect just the wall I had selected, it affected all the walls, even the ones in different types, and not only the walls, but it actually affected these ceiling planes here, and over here, as well. Now, why is that? Well, if you were to edit one of those ceiling planes and look at its assembly, you would find that it is using the same Gypsum Wall Board material for it's finish that the walls were using, and we just modified that material. So, naturally, that modification is global across the entire model.
Now, assuming you wanted this bright fuchsia color, everywhere, then you could accept this right now, and you'd be fine, and you could call it done. But I'm going to do Control-Z, and try another approach. All right, what other alternative do we have? Well, to do something a little less dramatic than that, we can start with the same wall, start with Edit Type, go to Edit Assembly, widen this out again, and instead of modifying Gypsum Wall Board, what if we just assign something else in that slot? So, here in the material browser, I'm going to type the word paint, and I've got some different paint colors to find already in my list here.
So, here's a paint called Cafe Matte. It's got a matte finish, and it's just, sort of, this cafe color, or this, sort of, coffee color. So I'm going to select that, and click OK. Now, that will put it on layer five only. Notice that layer one is still using Gypsum Wall Board. So let me go ahead and select the name there, Paint Cafe Matte, do Control-C, and then do Control-V to paste it in on the other side. So this will insure I will be painting the same color on both sides of the wall.
But, if you wanted to, you could actually choose a different color on each side, and do it that way, also. So let me click OK a bunch of times here, and now you can see the effect is a little less dramatic. It only applied to these two walls, up and down here, and also one of the walls on the far right side. Now notice on the right side, it looks like some of the surfaces are not being painted with that color. A little difficult to see in this perspective, so let's open up this view here called Lobby Axon, and here you can see the other side of the walls, so you could see we are using that paint color on both sides.
Let's, kind of, spin this thing around, I'm holding down the Shift key, and dragging the wheel, and zoom in a little bit. And, now you can see there's still some surfaces that are in that gray color. Now, why is that? Well, this is a different wall type. If I highlight over this one, it's not the four and 7/8-inch interior, it's brick on metal studs. So it's just a different wall type. So I could select it, and I could go to Edit Type, Edit Structure, and repeat the same process, applying that same color material to each finish layer.
Now, I could do that, but I might have to do it again for this wall, and again for this wall. It depends on whether or not they're the same wall type or not. And eventually, I would get there. Now, the other thing to consider is, what to do when, maybe, this wall type is the same as this wall type, and perhaps you wanted one color on this surface and a different color over here. Well, now, you'd have to select this wall, Edit Type, duplicate, give it another name, and assign two different paint colors, which seems a little bit silly. The only difference between these two identical wall types would be the color that's applied to their surface.
So it's certainly possible to do it that way, but, perhaps not the most efficient from a management point of view. So, is there an alternative? Well, it turns out there is. There's a tool on the Modify tab called Paint. So, on the geometry panel, you'll find the Paint tool. And when I click on it, it will show me the same list of materials, and it defaulted to that Paint Cafe Matte material again, so I'll keep that selected, and now notice, that I'm able to go in, and touch just the individual surfaces of the walls that I want to paint.
And I can go in here very quickly, and paint just the wall surfaces that need this color. A really nice thing about this tool is you can paint surfaces that aren't walls. So I can do walls, I can do the edges of floors. I can even do the edge of this little stair landing over here. So, any place that I want to apply that paint color, I can. Now, it won't work on chairs, or desks, or things like that. So, it is limited to just certain types of objects, like, mostly system families.
But, it can be a very effective way to go in and start applying that material without having to create a bunch of extra types, and it would only be focused on that one surface, which is kind of appropriate, because the underlying material in that case stays Gypsum Wall Board. So, if you think about it, the wall is made out of Gypsum Wall Board, but then we're finishing it with paint. So, actually, it's kind of appropriate to do it that way. Now, the only trouble comes in special case situations.
Like, for example, let's say we wanted to do some sort of design on this wall, and use more than one paint color. Well, that gets a little tricky, because, you know, what do you do? Do you start building multiple walls, you know, creating additional geometry? It seems kind of like a lot of work to go that route. Well, there is another option, is something called Split Face. Now, I'm going to go ahead and click the Split Face tool, and this will prompt me to select a face that I want to split into regions. So, I'll select the face right here of that upper wall.
Now, if you kind of zoom out, you can see that it outlines the existing shape of that wall with this tan color. That's the existing shape, and now you can customize that shape using any of your Sketch tools. So, what I'm going to do here, is I'm just going to draw a circle, and maybe, like, something like that, and then I'll click Modify tool, I'll select the circle, and maybe just move it, just a little bit, all right? So, let's say I kind of have that, sort of, whimsical circle going around that doorway.
Now, the trouble is, if I try and finish, it will generate a warning, because right here, it doesn't allow these sketches to overlap one another, okay? So, it's unhappy about that. So, I'm going to cancel, and what I need to do is split out that little chunk of the circle there. So, I'll go to the Split command, delete my inner segment, and I'm going to split it from there, to there. Cancel out of there, and then I want to just make sure these are touching. So I'll just use the grips there to, to make them touch that sketch line.
Now we should be okay, and finish the sketch. Now, notice that, when I do that, it's currently using the same paint color for the circular portion. However, I can go back to my paintbrush, I could choose a completely different color, so maybe this violet paint right here, and I can paint it inside the circle. Click Done, and then let's go back to our perspective view, to see the result. So, that's kind of up there in the balcony, maybe a little bit at a strange angle, but you get the general idea of what's possible.
So, using Split Face, you can take one big surface and actually divide it into smaller regions, and then paint each region with a different color. So, it's a very effective tool for things like that. You know, for painting different colors on the same surface of a wall. But, it can be a little challenging for other types of things. So, I do encourage you to give it a try, but just realize that the boundaries can sometimes be fragile. Sometimes they'll generate warnings as we saw, and you might need to go in and redo the splitting surface.
But, you know, in the case where you need two colors of paint on the same wall surface, it can be quite effective. So, when you're trying to apply paint colors, or wall covering, or other finish materials to the surfaces of your walls, you really have a few different ways to approach it. You certainly could go global, and edit the overall material as I started of with first, but that only works if you're using the same paint color throughout. A little bit less global is to do Edit Type, and possibly Edit Type Duplicate, to create different variations of the wall type.
But the paint tool is a really effective way, to kind of go in, and selectively choose surface-by-surface, exactly which colors you want applied in each situation.
NOTE: The exercise files for this course can only be opened in the most recent version of Revit (Revit 2017).
Skill Level Appropriate for all
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