Join Paul F. Aubin for an in-depth discussion in this video Layering viewports on a sheet, part of Revit: Tips, Tricks, and Troubleshooting.
- I wanted to share with you a technique that I used recently to create a composite image directly in Revit. So no Photoshop required. So here I'm looking at a third floor cutaway of the building I was working on, and kind of made this into a 3D perspective view. And then, just to give it a little bit more interest, I've added the structure, and it kind of gave that a little bit of transparency. You can kind of see there when you zoom in. And did something a little bit different with the stairs. So all this is, is three viewports layered on top of one another in a sheet.
So if we look down here on project browser, you can see that I've got a sheet here called Third Floor Perspective, and there's just not title block. Now what you've actually got here is three viewports layered on top of each other. So if I just sort of pull these apart, you can kind of see the result. So this is the main third floor. This one shows just the stair, this one shows the structure. And one of the main reasons I did this, at least with the stair, is that when you do that 3D cutaway, it cuts everything indiscriminately and I really didn't like the way the stair looked.
It just doesn't look so good. So I let the stair kind of continue up and past and outside of the crop there. As far as the structure goes, well I just thought that would add a little bit more dynamic quality to the image by introducing the structure and kind of having a little fun with that. So let me undo both of those, and let me show you how I put that together. So if I go to my 3D views, these are all the views that I'm using there to kind of create that. You can see I don't have any default 3D view at the moment. So if I click the default 3D view icon, it'll create the standard 3D view from the southeast isometric.
So I'll start with that. I'm going to right click the "view" cube over here, and I'm going to use the "orient to view," and I'm going to orient this to my third floor plan. So that's the first step. That will spin it around, make it go to a floor plan orientation and it will slice it at the third floor. So if you spin it and look at it again in 3D, you could see that it's only showing this little thin slice through the third floor. Now I'm going to select this section box that it created here, and I'm going to stretch that down a little bit to get closer to the building, I'm going to take this one and crop out this chunk of the building.
And I want to leave a little bit more of the stair. For the lower portion, I want to just drag it down just a little bit to add a little bit more of the lower part, and then I want to drag it up a little bit as well. Now here's where it gets a little tricky, because if you drag too far, it'll start to show the ceiling. Or the structure, and if you drag too low, you might cut away too much. Well you can actually just spin the view cube again, and I'm going to look right at it now.
If I drag this up a little bit, you'll see the structure in there. Like so. There it is right there. That's the bottom flange of the structure. So what I want to do is just sort of drag this down until it's just underneath that bottom flange there. And so that's my default 3D that I want to start with, Now I want to turn this into a perspective, 'cause it's a little more interesting and dynamic than just this axonometric view.
There's a way to do that on the view cube, you just right click and go "toggle perspective" but unfortunately that's greyed out, right? Well there's a trick here. Don't confuse the 3D section box with the 2D crop region. But before you can toggle perspective, you have to have the 2D crop enabled. And right now it's turned off. So we're seeing infinitely. Now even though we're cropping it in 3D, it's still showing an infinite page, if you will. So the 2D crop region needs to be turned on, there it is right there, I'll show the crop region.
That enables it, you get this rectangle out here. You see the difference between a 2D crop versus the 3D crop? Okay, so think if this as like the picture frame. And perspective views need a picture frame. So you've got to start with your picture frame here, then you can right click the view cube and toggle perspective. But until you do that, that option won't be available. Now at this point you can use your wheel and your shift key and sort of spin it around. But I find the steering wheel is a little bit better, because I can pan it, and I can orbit it, and sort if tip it down a little bit, and kind of peer into there.
And pan around, fine-tune the way that I want. Then I'm going to take this, and kind of crop maybe, a little bit like so. It depends on the proportion of the paper that you're going to put this on when you're done. I could leave it like this, but I want to add maybe a little bit more interest to it. So go to your graphical display options, and choose whatever settings you like. So I like shading, I like anti-alias. And under shadows I like ambient shadows.
And when you click "Ok," that just gives it a little more punch and slightly nicer graphical quality. And there's plenty more that you could do there. But now that I've got the view, and I've got the perspective the way I want, this is important, don't mess with it. Because now we're going to make two more copies. So the first thing I'm going to do, is rename my default 3D view, and since I've already used the word "third floor," I'll just put this a little differently here. And then I'm going to make two copies of that.
And I'll rename each one. That gives me my three copied views. For the stair, what I want to do, is take this box, stretch it up, so that it goes pretty much up and past my crop region here. So I'm just going to keep stretching that until it shows me the entire stair. Now unfortunately it's showing me a whole lot if other stuff too.
And I'm also going to take the bottom here, and I'm going to stretch that up just a little bit to kind of remove the bottom floor there. What I want to do is kind of zoom in here. I'm going to keep this box selected, hold the control key down, select the railings, and, might have to zoom in, the stair. It says I've got three, I'm missing this railing. Now I've got four, there we go. So I've got two railings, one stair, and the section box. And I'm going to come down to my "temporary hide isolate" and choose "isolate element." Then, I'm going to go right back to that same command and choose "apply temporary "hide isolate to the current view." So that applies it and it now makes it permanent to this view, and let me just stretch this up until it removes that lower stair, so I just want to see the stair up above.
So that takes care of that one. Now I'm going to so something similar on the structure, but I'm going to me slightly more precise here. So once again, I need to see just the structure up above the ceiling. So I could take this little box and I can kind of stretch it up to some arbitrary location there. But it's really this one that I'm concerned about because I want this to snap to a very specific point. Go back to "default 3D view," it'll create a brand new one, set this to "front view," and I'm going to zoom in here.
This is the bottom of that flange again, right there looking through the window. So, I'm going to go back to the structure, select the 3D crop box, and then switch back to the 3D view, and it's still selected. How cool is that? So now all I have to do is take this and stretch it up, until it's just underneath the structure again, and now I've cropped away that bottom portion not here in the default 3D view, this was just a working view, but I did it here in the structure view.
In this case, I could do temporary hide isolate again but I think it's just as easy to go to visibility graphics. I'll click the "All" button here to select all categories, scroll down, use my "Control" key to select structural columns and structural framing, and I'm going to uncheck everything except structural columns and structural framing. And now, it hides all of those elements. Then you can go to your graphic display options, maybe you want to make these hidden line, introduce some transparency, maybe some sketchy lines.
Whatever graphical effect you want them to have, like so. And then we're ready to layer the views together. So I'll come down here and create a new sheet. I'm going to do it without a title block, And click "Ok." Take my third floor view, drag it onto the sheet, kind of place it there, zoom to fit. There's the first view. Then I'll drag in the structure and notice that it will sense the other viewport and snap right to it.
And then do it again with the stair. Sense the other viewport, and you can kind of feel it snap, and put it right there. And then I'll just select all of these views. Tell it to use without a title. And then you could go into each of the views, hide the 3D section boxes, hide the crop regions. Fine tune and fiddle to your heart's content, and when you're done, it might look something like this. What I really like about this technique, is I can do everything in Revit, and I can get a really compelling presentation, and there's no Photoshop required.
And more importantly, because it's all in Revit, as things change in the design, so will this presentation view, and you can generate a new version of it anytime you need to.
NOTE: The exercise files for this course can only be opened in the most recent version of Revit (Revit 2017).
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