Join Shaun Bryant for an in-depth discussion in this video Creating elements such as floors, ceilings, or roofs, part of Cert Prep: Revit Architecture Certified Professional (2016).
- [Narrator] Revit is excellent for working with elements and setting up your elements in a Revit project. So you can see we got a new Revit project open for you to use which is RevitProject_Elements and what we're going to look at now is developing the elements in your Revit project a little further. So what we're going to do in this project is add a floor, a ceiling, and a roof to the project itself. You can see that the walls, the doors, and the windows have already been developed in this project and over here in the browser we're at level zero.
So let's have a look now at placing a floor in our project. Now obviously if you want to follow along with the project make sure you download the Revit project file from your exercise files. So over here to the build panel now in the Architecture tab on the ribbon and I'm going to click on the floor flyout here and select Floor Architectural. Now as soon as I do that as you can see in the type selector here I got a beam and block floor coming up as standard. I'm going to stick with that for now, I'm not going to bother changing that. It's a floor and that's all I need to worry about right now.
Now obviously in order to place my floor I've got to make sure that I've got all the right settings. Now we are in sketch mode and you can tell that by the green tick and the red cross. So we're in sketch mode and we've got our draw tools available to us. Now by default it goes to this little icon here when you place a floor which is pick walls which allows you to physically pick on the walls where you want the floor or your ceiling or your roof to go. So I'm going to zoom in a little bit so that we can see what we're doing like so.
Get there in a few notches on the wheel of the mouse there, and I'm going to place the floor, but check your options bar here. You don't want an offset, I don't want my floor offsetting in any which way. And I do want to extend it into the walls so I'll be supported by the blocks on the inner skin of our block work wall. So now when I hover here can you see I can pick a wall and I get the pink sketch lines coming up like so on the inner edge. So I'm clicking on the inner edge of each wall as I go around like that.
Now as you can see that forms an enclosed boundary so I should quite happily able to click on that green tick but before we do you'll notice you've got the options where you can set the span direction of the floor, you can set a slope on the floor and I'm actually setting the boundary line of the floor right now. So I'm leaving that as a flat floor and I'm going to click on the green tick and there's my floor there and as you can see it's highlighted in blue like so. I can edit the boundary if I want to, I can modify the sub elements, I can add points, split lines, pick support for slopes, and possibly drops where I need a fall for drainage perhaps on the floor.
So that's my floor all set up and done. So I'm going to click there like so in the drawing area and that's quite happy. Now a quick sanity check just go to your 3D view so I go to the 3D view and there's my floor slab right there, you can see it there my beam and block floor is there like so. So I just click away from that and go back to my level zero in the project browser. So now we need to think about placing a ceiling in our Revit project. Now adding a ceiling you've got to think about where it's going to go.
Where do I put a ceiling? How high above floor level do I need it? Well you don't need to think about that in Revit Architecture because we have ceiling plans already. We have a level zero ceiling plan and a level one ceiling plan. Now you would have thought that the ceiling because it's above level zero would go to the ceiling plan for level one. No, that's incorrect. It's a ceiling plan at level zero that you need. So I'll double click that and the reason you need that one is because it's got a ceiling level at level zero.
So if you imagine you've got level zero floor level that's your floor plan, you've got a level zero at ceiling level that's your level zero ceiling plan, that's how it works. So just be aware of that when you're going through all of your questions in your Revit Architecture Certified Professional exam. So over here now, back to the build panel over in the Architecture tab and I'm going to click on ceiling and it's come up with a Compound Ceiling Plain there in the type selector. That's fine now you have two options where you can place a ceiling, you've got an automatic ceiling, and you can sketch a ceiling.
I'm going to use the automatic one here and I come into this area can you see that I've got a red line and that indicates the boundary of where Revit is going to put the ceiling and it's an offset can you see if 2,600 milimeters because I'm working on a metric project above the floor plan of level zero. So if I just click there like that you would've thought that you would have gotten some sort of like recognition for clicking there like so. So you're not quite sure whether the ceiling's gone in so you go and click again and now you get a soft arrow.
Now the warning is saying that there's identical instances in the same place. So basically what I've done is I've place two ceilings in the same place and it's a double counting in schedule so when I schedule the ceilings there's going to be two of them. So if I just hit escape a couple of times now and close the warning what that means is I've got two ceilings in place. How do I select both of those ceilings? I can't just click like that it won't let me find the ceilings. So what I do, I click here and I drag across do a crossing selection and select everything.
Now up on the ribbon there in the selection panel I've got my filter. So I click on filter and that allows me to bring up the filter dialog box like so and you'll notice there in the count can you see I've got two ceilings and six walls so what I'm going to do is untick the walls I don't want them selected, but I've got the two ceilings selected right now. So if I OK that now I've got the two ceilings selected I hit delete, they're gone like so. So now we go back to ceiling we go Automatic Ceiling again, we click once and then we move away and hit escape.
Now we know we've got one ceiling in there. Quick sanity check. I'll do another crossing select like so go to the filter, and it tells me I've got one ceiling which is what I want, one ceiling so I click on OK. All done, click away from the ceiling, finished. Now what we're going to do is place the roof on top, but lets just check the ceilings in there. Sanity check, 3D view, and there's our ceiling there sitting 2,600 above floor level of the level zero. So that's all done nice and neatly.
I'm going to go to level one now, floor plan, not ceiling plan and you'll noticed it's grayed out because the underlay is obviously level zero below and I'm going to place a roof now. Very quick and easy, I'm just going to do a roof here by footprint like so and that allows me now to place a roof and again I go into sketch mode. I've got a basic pitch warm industrial roof. I'm going to define slopes because I want a pitch, I want a slope on the roof. If you don't want a slope on the roof, you just want it flat you undefine the slope there by unticking that box.
I'm going to put an overhang in of 300 so the roof goes over the edges of the walls as well and I don't need to extend it into the wall core. So in the draw panel here in sketch mode again I can pick walls like so and when I hover over each wall can you see there's my overhang? So I want my overhang on the outside each time like so. The dash line represents the overhang and as I come around it joins the lines together which is really helpful and there's the little slope icon. That little triangle represents a slope because I've got the defined slope option there like so.
So all I've got to do now is hit the green tick like that and my roof is in place like so. Click away from it, go into your 3D view for your sanity check and there's my nice little pitch roof. Now it maybe that you want a gable end roof on one end. Now we can do that really quickly as well. It's very quick and easy to do. So I'm going to go back to the level one floor plan there and I'm going to select the roof like so and I'm going to edit the footprint and I want to take a slope off of this one here so I select it I take off Defined Roof Slope in the properties there and I apply that and what I so now is I click on the green tick to confirm.
That is now a gable end roof. I click away from the roof go back into 3D and you can see there if I do just a little bit of an orbit I've got the gable end roof. Now how do I attach that wall to that roof? What I do is I select the wall like so attach top base I select where I want it to go to and it automatically does it for me like that. That's a gable end roof with a gable wall like so. Quick and easy. So that's working with your elements and selecting those elements using the filter in Revit Architecture.
Once you're finished with this course, you can feel confident taking the Revit Architecture 2015 Certified Professional exam.
- What is Autodesk certification?
- Importing DWG and image files
- Creating and modifying fill regions
- Changing elements
- Working with family types and parameters
- Modeling different architectural elements
- Controlling visibility
- Creating duplicated views
- Organizing and sorting items in a schedule