Join Eric Wing for an in-depth discussion in this video Building a hip roof, part of Building Roofs with Revit.
I'm actually not sure where a Hip Roof got its name. Is it because it's cool or does it looks like a persons hip? I don't think either, but I know how to model one in Revit. Actually, it's harder to not have a Hip Roof than anything else. Why? Because Revit kind of defaults to showing a slope at 9-12 on each side. The video will have us adding a roof that is angled in on all sides, creating a hip style roof. We will look at each of the separate sketch lines, and examine the properties of each.
We will then let the side slope to 6 on 12. So to get started, let's jump into our Revit Roofs file. In the Project Browser, let's go down to the Roof level. Now that we're in the Roof level, let's go to the Architecture tab, let's click on the Roof button. Let's make sure Defines slope is turned on. And let's make sure we have an Overhang of two feet. Now on the Draw panel, make sure Pick Walls is selected. I'm going to put my mouse over one of these walls.
Notice that the wall highlights, and we get an alignment line, either facing out, or facing in. Let's make sure our alignment line is facing out, then hit your Tab key once. All of the walls become selected and you can see the dotted line, that represents our roof edge. Once you see this, go ahead and pick the wall. Hit Escape a couple times. Now, go ahead and select one of these lines. Notice that there's a pitch on it. And we hover over it, it says 9-12. All of these roof lines are going to slope inward, at a 9-12 pitch.
Let's go to the Properties tab and let's click Edit Type. Let's click Duplicate. Let's just type in Sloped Roof and get rid of the two. Let's click OK. Let's click OK again. That's all we have to do. Let's click the Finish button, and there's our roof. Hit Escape a couple times. It's going to look a little bit funny. That's because we have to adjust our cut plane to allow us to see the entire roof. So to do that, let's go to our Properties, and let's scroll down on our properties, til we get to View Range.
Once you see View Range, click the Edit button. Now, for our Primary Range, the Top, let's set the Top to Unlimited. For the Cut plane, let's set the Offset to 100 feet. Now let's click Apply. Let's click OK. Now we can see our entire roof. Let's go to a 3D view. Now let's change the pitch of our roof. Go ahead and select your roof. Let's scroll down to the Dimensions area, and for the Slope, instead of 9 inches on 12 inches, let's go 6 on 12.
Type in 6 inches and hit Enter. Now let's hit Apply. And it's going to take a second to think about it. It has a lot to calculate. There we go. Let's hit Escape a couple times. Now we have a lower sloped roof and it's not so high in the air. Now that the Hip Roof is in, perhaps you can think of quite a few things you'd like to do with it to pretty it up.
- Adding flat-roof materials
- Building a gable
- Creating dormers and skylights
- Adding fascias and soffits
- Creating roofs by extrusion
- Building in roof structure
- Adding detailing