Join Brian Myers for an in-depth discussion in this video Creating gable roofs, part of Designing Home Plans with Revit.
- Now we need to create a Gabled Roof around the perimeter of our home. In fact, there'll be be different Gables. A Gable over the main body of the home. And then the second Gable over our Front Porch area. To construct these Gabled Roofs we need to go to a Floor Plan View. So, under the Project Browser in Floor Plans double click on TOP, then zoom into the Floor Plan View. Then under the Architecture tab we need to select on Roof. Under Properties, on the Type Selector list, click on the Type Selector list, and choose Wood Rafter 10" off of the list.
Make sure the Defines slope has a check mark in it. This means that every surface that we're drawing will have a slope. We will come back in to actually give this roof some Gables. But the fastest way to draw on a roof right now is to have Defines slope check marked, make sure that we have an Overhang of 2' in place. Now keep an eye on this number because it may go away when we do our next click. Above Draw here on the ribbon we can see that there's currently an option here for Pick Walls. And what I'd like to do is instead of Pick Walls I'd like to select on Line.
And the reason why I'm picking Line instead of Pick Walls, and we can select on Line, is that while we are going to have a lot of Walls going all the way around the perimeter of where our Roof is located at, currently at our Front Porch we don't have any Walls up by the roof. So the Pick Walls Tool wouldn't have worked right here around the Porch. So we'll just draw in the perimeter of our Roof using the Line Tool. And you'll see that Offset is now at 0' 0" by changing the Tool it'll automatically clear out your Offset value.
So we just need to type in 2' again, here at Offset. Now in the upper left-hand corner of the building, click once, then move over to your right-hand side. Now if the if the line's on the wrong side of your Wall just hit the Space bar and it'll put the line on the correct side. Now start clicking the different corners of your building just moving all the way around the perimeter of your building. Once you get up to the Front Porch area click the intersection of the Porch and the Wall. Come down to the intersection here at the column, straight across the Porch, back up to the building again, across.
And since we're drawing one line immediately after another we can see that all the lines are cleaning up on themselves here at the corners of the building. Once you get to this stage, Escape a couple of times on the keyboard to get out of the drawing portion of the command. Now we need to define the Gables on each end. So select the line on the left-hand side, hold down the Control key on the keyboard, that will allow you to select on multiple lines. Select the line on the right-hand side.
Then select the line right in front of your Porch area. For Defines slope clear the check box for Defines slope, then click on the big green check mark on the ribbon. Now it's created a Roof for us. And let's take a look at the Roof and see if it's the way that we want it to look. If we come up to our Default 3D View icon we can take a look at our Roof. Now right now this Roof is actually a little bit more steep than what I'd like. And I also don't want the Gable, here in the front, to create this condition when it joins the other Roof in the back.
So let's make some adjustments to the overall slopes of our Roof. Select back on the Roof. Now let's go into our Floor Plan TOP one more time. Then come up to Edit Footprint. And if for some reason Edit Footprint isn't there it probably means that when you switched to your other view that you somehow no longer selected on the Roof. So as long as the Roof is selected Edit Footprint will be available. Then select on this back line that makes up our Roof.
Here we can see that we have a 9" / 12" Slope. Change the 9" to be an 8", then click somewhere out here in the white area. And do the same thing here on the lower right-hand side. Change that from a 9" to an 8". Then on the lower left-hand side do the same thing, 9" to an 8". For the two lines that are going up and down, here at the Front Porch area, let's change their Slope to be a 5" / 12" Slope instead.
So change to a 5" / 12" and then come over and change to a 5" / 12", then click on the big green check mark. If we zoom back out again or actually go to a 3D View, we can come up here to the Default 3D View icon and then we can see our Roof. If for some reason when you're doing this process your Roof looks kind of odd, maybe part of the lines over here are extending from this point all the way out to here. And it's possible depending on how Revit decides to construct your Roof.
The solution to that would be going back into your TOP view, selecting on your View, going to Edit Footprint, and then choosing Align Eaves. In this case it's telling me that my eaves are already aligned with one another. But if they hadn't been then I would have had the choice to select on each one of these Eave Lines. And it would've automatically given them the correct elevations. So they all would've been at the exact same elevation related to one another. Then you could've clicked on OK, click on the big green check mark.
And then at that point, if you'd look at it again in 3D, you'll have a Roof that looks just like the Roof that we have here. Now there is one more thing that I'd like to do with this Roof. And if we select on the right-hand side of the View Cube, here in the 3D View we can see it. Right now the Roof is actually fairly high in the air. What I'd like to have happen is have the Roof be a little bit lower down. So to accomplish that we'll select on the Roof, and come over here to the Base Offset From Level, and let's type in -1', and click on Apply.
Notice how the entire Roof is now dropped down. Also, let's look underneath Properties. And you may need to scroll down in order to see how the Properties of the Roof are actually constructed. And notice that there is a Rafter Cut available to us. Make sure that Plumb Cut is selected. Some of the other Two Cuts may not look quite right but we want that to be a Plumb Cut. And finally, what I'd like to do is extend all of our existing Walls up to the Roof.
In order to accomplish that we'll select on one of the Walls, spin our 3D Model around, just so we can see it a little bit better. And you may remember that you can spin your 3D Model around by either holding the Shift key down on the keyboard and then holding the wheel down on your mouse. Or just by clicking one of the corners of your View Cube. Then when you can see these Walls a little bit better underneath the roof highlight over one of your Walls, click the Tab key on the keyboard. And by doing that it should highlight all of your Exterior Walls.
From that point go to Attach Top Base then select on your Roof up above. This should automatically extend all your Walls to meet up with the Roof. And now if we spin our building around, by holding down the Shift key and the wheel on the mouse, we'll then be able to see that all of our Walls are going up to the underneath side of our Roof.
- Setting up the project
- Creating walls
- Modeling the foundation
- Adding doors and windows
- Creating floors, slabs, and porches
- Placing columns and beams
- Designing a roof
- Creating kitchens and bathrooms
- Placing utilities
- Adding lights and wiring
- Creating interior and exterior elevations
- Creating standard and 3D views
- Creating and printing sheets