Join Garrick Chow for an in-depth discussion in this video Consolidating and exporting, part of Up and Running with REAPER 4.
Once you're satisfied your mix or even if you just want to review your mix at another location you most likely want to save it as a single file so you can play it for others or burn it to a CD. use it as a sound track for a video or any number of other things you might want to do with project once it's been exported as a single file. Or alternately maybe you want to export the individual tracks as independant files so they can be imported into another digital audio work station. Whatever the case you'll first go to file, render. The very top of this window is the render menu. Here you're going to choose whether you're going to render the master mix, which means you're going to export the entire project as it's currently mixed to a single file. Now this is what you would choose if you want to share your song with others in a format they'll be able to open on most computers Computers more on that in just a moment.
Can also choose to export stems. A stem is the term for each track of your project. Choosing to export stems means you'll get a separate audio file for each track. So for instance you'll get a bass stem a kick drum stem a vocal stem and so on. This is what you might choose if you want to export each stem separately so they can be imported onto separate tracks in another audio editing program. Or you can choose to export both a master mix and stem. Let's go with master mix for now. And below that we have the render bounds. Here you can choose to export the entire project, or just a custom time range you can enter here. You can enter this information.
You can also a time selection you might have made in your project. Or you can export project regions. Now regions weren't the topic we covered in this course but essentially regions allow you to label sections of your projects like verse one, course one, verse two and so on. So if you wanted to only export the verses for example, you can click the region manager select them. But in this case lets just go with the entire project. Next we have the output section. Under directory you can choose where you want the rendered files saved to. By default we will export to the Media folder of your project. But you can click Browse to choose another location.
Here's browse for directory, just go to my Desktop, I'll create a new folder I'll just call this one Exports. Choose that. Next you can pick a file name. Reaper just uses the project name in this case. Notice you also this Wild Cards button. Wild Card allows you name the files based on the wild card you select like tracks or project name and tempo. So for example, if I'm going to be exporting several versions or mixes of this track to see how each one sounds, I might want to time stamp them to keep track of the versions. So I'm just going to delete this current file name, and maybe I'll just choose Project. That'll automatically add the project name back, but also going to choose the month.
The day, the hour, and the minute. Now, the render two filter shows me where the file is going to go, and what's it's called. So then I just click in here and scroll over, and you can see the name is breakdown mode all tracks, mix down, followed by the current month, the day, the hour and the minute. All right, next we have the options section. You'll probably want to keep your sample rate the same as the project But you're free to change it here. I'll also leave this as a stereo file. Now this menu to the right lets you decide how quickly the project is rendered. Online Render renders the file in real time.
So you'll actually be able to hear the track as it's being exported. This is useful if you want to review the track to make sure there aren't any mistakes or things you missed. This might be your last chance to listen to the mix before you send the file off. You can also choose One Time Offline Which renders at the same speed but you won't hear the track playback. You can also choose fullspeed offline which is the fastest speed based on your computers processor and won't be able to listen as it's exporting. I'll that selected. Now under output format is where you choose the file format for the final file. The default export is to save your project as a wave file.
Wave's are a uncompressed high quality audio files that can be read by both macs and PCs. AIF files are also high quality uncompressed files. But some PCs can't read them without additional software. So WAV is probably the better choice if you need a high quality file. WAVS and AIFs also tend to have large file sizes. Now, you can export your song as a variety of other formats like MP3, which is a compressed format you're most likely familiar with. MP3s are nice when you're not concerned with the highest quality audio. And instead, want a smaller file size. So it still sounds good but can be emailed, and can be played by any computer or MP3 device. Generally, though, if you're going for the best quality, regardless of file size, Wavs are the way to go since they're the most cross-platform compatible.
You probably won't use the other formats that you see here very often unless someone specifically requests one of them from you. Or maybe you'll just a fan of the FLAC format or the Aug Vorbis format. But those require special plug-ins to play on most computers. I'll keep wav selected. Now based on which file type you choose you'll see different options below that menu. For wavs and AIFs you can choose their bit depths, and the wav format has additional options. But again, in most cases you'll be fine with default settings. Now there are a couple other options here. Silently increment file names to avoid overwriting does just what it says. Reaper will add numbers to the file names if you export multiple versions so you don't overwrite the previous one. Add items to new tracks in project when finished also does what it says. In addition to exporting the file it will also add the file to its own track in your project.
And you can also check save a copy of project to out file.wave.rp. This creates a time and date stamp copy of your project file with all of its current settings. You can use that file as backup, and it also frees you to play around with the mix some more without having to worry about trying to get back to its current state later. I'm just going to leave all of those unchecked. Lastly, we have a couple of buttons that have to do with the render queue. If I'm only interested in rendering out this one file, I could just click Render One File and start the process immediately. But you also have the option of adding the current file to your render queue. Let's do that. Now, clicking that closes the window but if I go back to File > Render > Open Render Queue, I'll see the project here, ready to be rendered. So what the queue does is allow me to set up multiple (INAUDIBLE) projects. So if I need to export all multiple versions of a song I wouldn't have to sit here waiting for each one to be done so I can change the settings. Instead, I can add them all to the queue, and just start the queue and I can walk away all (INAUDIBLE) doing its work.
So for example, may be an addition to exporting the entire mix, I have also been asked to export a mix of just the drums stance. And close the cue and the render window for a moment. Hide my docker. So I'll click the first drum track and I'll shift click last drum track to select all four of them. Now I'll choose file, render again. This time I'll choose to render selected tracks. Also clear the current file name here. And I'll add a wild card of track. So you can see right away, that'll be rendered just as 808 kick, for example. This is going to be four files. If I click that, I can see the names of each of the four files. And I'll add this to the render queue.
Go back to render one more time. And if I open the render queue, here are my two queued renders. So I'm ready to export them now. So I'll click render all. You can see how fast Reaper is working, going through the entire mix right now. In about 17 times real time, and that's rendering out the individual stance, going much faster. Looks like it's done, I'll Close this, hide Reaper for a moment. Here's that export folder I created on my desktop. Looking here, I can see here is the wave file for the entire mix, as well as the four original stems of the drums that I exported.
So you can see that the render sheet can really be convenient if you have a lot of exporting to do. Just send everything to the queue start it up and then you can walk away while Reaper does its thing. And when you come back all your files will be waiting for you. So that's how to export your mix down and stems with Reaper.
- Customizing the REAPER menu and toolbar
- Creating a new project
- Comping multiple takes
- Importing audio files
- Managing media
- Editing tracks
- Applying effects
- Mixing down a song