In this movie, Mike takes a look at design grids, and how there are two kinds, master page grids and text box grids. And demonstrates how you can use them to precisely align text and other page items. Along with how you can even save and apply grids with the Grid Styles palette.
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- [Voiceover] Alignment and consistency are two key characteristics of professionally designed pages. And design grids are a key feature for achieving alignment and consistency in your layout pages. So lets see how design grids work in Quark Express. First of all lets ask: what is a design grid? Well it's a set of non-printing guidelines that are used for aligning texts and other items on a page. And in Quark Express there are two kinds of design grids. Master Page grids and Text Box grids. And you can save and apply both kinds of grids using the grids styles pallette.
First, lets check out a master page grid. In the page lay out pallette double-click on the page icon next to the B-Body text master to jump to that page. And so we can see what we're doing make sure that View > Guides is enabled. Now select: View > Page Grids. And now we see this set of pink grid lines appear inside the margins of the layout. And we can view and edit the settings that control this grid by going to Page > Master Guides & Grid.
The top half of the dialogue box is for setting the margins and columns on this master page. And the bottom half, with these two tabs, is for the grid. Lets start with the Display Settings. Here we can see the four lines that make up a grid. A Topline, Centerline, Baseline and a Bottomline. And you can set colors, sizes and styles for each one. You can also choose to show the grid only within the margins or have it extend across the page or across the Pasteboard.
Lets set it to the page, and if we click OK and double-click on page four, our first body text page, we can see the grid lines and how each paragraph of text sits on a grid line. And in fact what's locking the text to each grid line is the paragraph styles. And you can also see this setting and turn it off, if you wish, in the Paragraph tab of the Measurements Palette. By clicking one of these paragraphs, go to the Paragraph tab, I can see the lock setting right here. If I select all the text in this story and unlock it from the page grid I get a very different result.
I'll just turn it back on. And we can also access the grid settings for a specific text box by right clicking on it and choosing Grid Settings. Lets go back to the body text master by double-clicking on it in the Page Layout palette, and go back to the dialogue box. And lets turn off Baseline in Display Settings, and turn on the other three: Topline, Centerline and Bottomline. Click OK and jump back to the body text page.
And lets zoom way in on some text. And you can see how each line of text sits within the grid space, including the ascenders and descenders of the characters. Okay, once more, lets go back to the Master page, back to the dialogue box, Display Settings, and turn Top, Center and Bottom back off. Turn Baseline back on and lets look at the text settings. This is what the controls the spacing of the grid lines. First we have font size, this is the basis for the height of each line in the grid, and since my base text in this document is ten points that's what I'm using.
We can also add a percentage-based amount of space around the font size with Vertical Scaling. And we can add a fixed amount of space with Line Spacing. And the three values together combine to give us the Leading value, right here. So we have ten points at 100% scaling plus 4 points equals 14 points altogether. If I made the scaling 200% percent and hit Tab, the Leading amount updates, now it's 24 points. Lets switch it back to 100% and we can position the Baseline within the grid space.
I have it 25% up from the Bottomline, but you can choose different settings here, you can also read it from a specific font. Offset controls where the first line of the design grid is placed, and I have it right at the Baseline with a zero point value here, but you can use any of the lines and add extra space if you want it. And a cool feature here is that Quark Express tells me that with all these settings I'm going to get a maximum of 37 lines inside the text box.
If that's a problem, I can click the Adjust button and tweak any of the settings here. Let's click OK, close this dialogue box, and in addition to master page grids you can also set up and use text box grids. And if we jump to page nine in our layout we have a text box with it's own grid, this bulleted list of party cheeses here. And I can view that grid by choosing View > Text Box Grids. To access the grid settings for a specific box right click on it and choose Grid Settings and here we have a grid thats equal to 28 point Leading.
I chose that because I wanted the bulleted items spaced out more than the body text, but I also wanted them to snap into alignment with the body text. So the bulleted items align with every other line of body text. I'll just cancel out of here. Now if I want to save that test box grid so that I can apply it elsewhere I can use the Grid Styles palette. So with the text box selected, I'll chose Window > Grid Styles and click the '+' button to create a new grid style.
Windows users won't see a '+' sign to create a new grid style, but you can still go to the Palette menu and choose New, there. I'll just call this 'Sidebar Box'. And the Text and Display Settings here are based on the box that was selected. I'll just leave them as is and click OK. Note that the style is not currently applied this box yet so I have to select it to apply it. And now we can also use this style to apply grids to other boxes. For example, on the last page of the layout, here's another sidebar box with some generic text in it, but it's not using the right grid for a sidebar.
You can see the bulleted list items are not spaced out properly. So to fix this, select the box and in our Grids Styles palette apply our sidebar box grid style and boom we can see the grid lines and the text snaps to them, and if we select one of the paragraphs and check the paragraph tab we can see that they are set to align to the text box grid. We'd get different results if we locked them to the page grid or no grid.
On the PC the menu to select if a paragraph is aligned to the text box grid or the page grid does not appear in the Measurements palette. You need to go the the Paragraph Attributes dialogue box to see this control either going to the style menu and choosing Formats or by pressing Control-ShifT-F. I'll set them back to text box grid and we get the spacing we need. So, in this movie, we looked at design grids and how there are two kinds, Master Page grids and Text Box grids. And you can use them to precisely align text and other page items, and you can even Save and Apply grids with the Grid Styles palette.
Mike Rankin covers the interface and preferences, and the basics of working with documents, master pages, layers, and items (the design elements of a QuarkXPress layout). He then goes over how to import text, format it, and control alignment, leading, and spacing around paragraph and text boxes. There are chapters dedicated to tables, images, and interactivity, as well as the output and publishing options in QuarkXPress, including EPUB and HTML5. Focus on just the topics you need to complete your next layout, or watch the entire course to master the desktop publishing workflow.
- What is QuarkXPress?
- Setting preferences
- Creating new documents and pages
- Moving and merging layers in QuarkXPress
- Using the Bezier Pen tool
- Importing and editing text
- Applying fonts
- Working with bullets and numbering
- Using style sheets
- Creating anchored text boxes
- Formatting tables
- Controlling color and opacity
- Adding hyperlinks, video, and animation
- Exporting QuarkXPress files