Identify the processes that span all aspects of project management.
- Project elements, such as Scope, Schedule, Cost, Risk, and Quality, are inter-dependent. Making a small change in one of these could have a big impact in other parts of your project, a lot like someone moving their arm in a game of Twister. Project Integration is what you do to coordinate these elements and make trade-offs in order to achieve your project objectives. Your first integration management task comes at the very beginning of a project: developing a project charter.
A project charter provides an overview of the project and why it's necessary. It also communicates the project manager's level of authority. A project charter usually includes an initial scope, high-level cost estimate, and schedule milestones, and a list of project stakeholders. So, you can see why developing one falls under integration management. To integrate means to bring parts together into a whole.
A project plan is the epitome of project integration. It's the road map you use to guide your project journey from beginning to end, as well as the baseline you compare progress to, once your project work begins. When you finish planning, it's time to put that plan to work, guiding project execution. This is where everyone jumps in and starts performing the project work. Speaking of monitoring and controlling project work, that's where you compare progress against your plan.
That way, you can decide what you need to do to keep your project on track, how to reallocate resources, trade off objectives, and make compromises between scope, time, cost, and quality. Have you ever had a project plan that survived unchanged throughout the life of its project? Neither have I. Changes can have significant effects on projects, so you wanna make sure that changes occur in a controlled manner.
With change control, you have processes in place to review change requests, approve or reject them, and manage them until they're complete. At long last, you get to the end of your project. The last thing you do in integration management is close the project. That is, you wrap up everything that went on in the project to formally complete it. When you close a project, you review all the information you've gathered about the project, to make sure that all project work is complete and the objectives have been met.
To learn more about integration management, check out Bob McGannon's course, Managing Project Integration.
Bonnie Biafore has always been fascinated by how things work and how to make things work better. In this course, she explains the fundamentals of project management, from defining the problem, establishing project goals and objectives, and building a project plan to managing team resources, meeting deadlines, and closing the project. Along the way, she provides tips for reporting on project performance, keeping a project on track, and gaining customer acceptance.
- Defining the components of a project
- What it takes to be a project manager
- Using project management software like Microsoft Project
- Managing project scope, budget, and schedule
- Managing project resources, including people
- Managing project risk
- Initiating a project
- Identifying and managing stakeholders
- Identifying requirements and deliverables
- Developing a project plan
- Building a project schedule
- Assigning resources to tasks
- Understanding the critical path
- Running the project
- Managing teams
- Monitoring performance
- Closing a project
Skill Level Beginner
1. Getting to Know Project Management
2. Exploring Project Management Knowledge Areas
3. First Things First
How to develop requirements4m 19s
4. Developing a Project Plan
5. Building a Project Schedule
6. While You Run the Project
7. Working with Teams
8. Monitoring and Controlling Progress and Performance
9. Closing a Project
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