In this video, you'll learn about the effects of organizational culture on projects.
- Organizational culture is a set of shared values, beliefs, assumptions, habits, language, and other factors that guide people's behaviors and decisions within an organization. All those factors of organizational culture influence how projects are performed and their success. Let's talk about how organizational culture affects projects.
The organization's mission and vision shape the organization's culture. Projects that support the company mission are likely to get more attention and resources. When you're faced with a tricky decision you can use the mission to determine the best thing to do. Leadership and authority are also a big part of organizational culture. If management defines clear goals and then delegates responsibility to employees, that approach works equally well in your projects.
On the other hand, if authority isn't handed out often, you need to work with management to get things done and build their trust in you at the same time. Another aspect of culture is the organization's work environment. For example, with a positive environment, people are motivated to get things done. And gathering lessons learned is easy because employees are used to providing input and striving to improve. On the other hand, in a negative environment, you're probably going to have to spend a lot of time managing your team.
Some cultures believe in following the rules no matter what. Other cultures nurture innovation, expecting employees to try new approaches, question what's been done before, and come up with better methods. You don't have to follow the rules in a rules-based culture, but if you're thinking about breaking rules it's important to know which ones you can break. And also think about what you'll do if your non-standard approach doesn't work.
Does your organization put results ahead of procedures? Or vice versa? That is, is it better to follow the rules even if you don't achieve the objective? Or can you do whatever it takes as long as you deliver the desired results? A project's goal is always to achieve its objectives. However, it's important to know where the boundaries are in making things happen.
Change management can be affected by the organization's culture. If the organization is risk averse, the change management process might include multiple rounds of review and require approval from several people. On the other hand, if change is viewed simply as life in the project management world, the change management process is probably a lot simpler. In projects with people working in locations around the country or the world, you also need to consider the cultures of your team members.
People may react differently to situations or communicate differently based on the norms of their cultures. For example, in some cultures people are taught not to show weakness, which could be interpreted as arrogance by other cultures. Culture has a strong influence on how things happen within projects and how decisions are made. To increase the probability of project success, you need to manage your projects with respect for what the culture considers important.
Bonnie Biafore has always been fascinated by how things work and how to make things work better. In this course, she explains the fundamentals of project management, from defining the problem, establishing project goals and objectives, and building a project plan to managing team resources, meeting deadlines, and closing the project. Along the way, she provides tips for reporting on project performance, keeping a project on track, and gaining customer acceptance.
Lynda.com is a PMI Registered Education Provider. This course qualifies for professional development units (PDUs). To view the activity and PDU details for this course, click here.
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- Defining the components of a project
- What it takes to be a project manager
- Using project management software like Microsoft Project
- Managing project scope, budget, and schedule
- Managing project resources, including people
- Managing project risk
- Initiating a project
- Identifying and managing stakeholders
- Identifying requirements and deliverables
- Developing a project plan
- Building a project schedule
- Assigning resources to tasks
- Understanding the critical path
- Running the project
- Managing teams
- Monitoring performance
- Closing a project
Skill Level Beginner
Project Management Foundations: Communicationwith Doug Rose1h 47m Appropriate for all
Project Management Foundations: Budgetswith Bob McGannon1h 11m Appropriate for all
1. Getting to Know Project Management
2. Exploring Project Management Knowledge Areas
3. First Things First
How to develop requirements4m 19s
4. Developing a Project Plan
5. Building a Project Schedule
6. While You Run the Project
7. Working with Teams
8. Monitoring and Controlling Progress and Performance
9. Closing a Project
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