With the basic structure of binary states, these values can be stored as bits, or a binary digit. More complex information can be stored, or multiple binary answers can be stored through multiple bits of data through encoding information to binary digit bits.
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- We can represent the binary states of…on and off as numbers.…The binary number system is based on only two digits,…one and zero.…For a binary state of on, that's represented by a one.…For a state of off, that's represented by a zero.…But storing a single value doesn't…make much sense on its own.…You'd want to store multiple values in a row.…To do that, you would create a string of them…and since they're all numbers,…you're just creating a larger number with multiple digits,…or bits.…
A grouping of eight binary digits is called a byte,…spelled with a Y.…A byte is a common measure of data that we use every day.…A kilobyte is 1,024 bytes.…A megabyte is 1,024 kilobytes.…A gigabyte is 1,024 megabytes.…And a terabyte is 1,024 gigabytes.…On a computer, you might have a drive that…can store a terabyte of data.…A terabyte can contain almost nine trillion bits.…
That's over nine trillion individual states of on or off.…But what do we do with all these bits?…Each of these bits holds an on or off state that…represents a tiny part of a larger piece of information.…
This course is the first in our Computer Science Principles series, designed around the AP Computer Science Principles (CSP) curriculum. It is a great foundation for anyone, at any age, to prepare for careers in technology and computer science. Lessons in this segment cover the building blocks of computing: binary logic, number systems, text and image encoding, compression, and simple communication protocols. Understanding these basics will help you understand the interplay between hardware, software, data, networks, and the people that use them.
- Binary and bits
- Digital communication
- Number systems
- Encoding text
- Compressing text and images