Phaser, flanger, and chorus modulation plugin processing are compared and contrasted in this tutorial on vocal effects. Author Scott Hirsch works through parameters on these processing tools such as LFO rate, depth, and feedback.
- [Instructor] When we think of delay,…we think of an audible echo effect…but when you speed up the delay…to the point where you no longer hear individual repeats…and alter the pitch of those repeats,…you enter a whole new class of effects processing.…We call these modulation effects.…Here, we'll look at three flavors of modulation.…Phaser, Flanger and Chorus.…All of which add some different tonality to our vocal sound.…The first two, Flanger and Phaser,…are very similar in how they work.…
With both effects, what we hear is a network of delays…that change the repeat time values by very small amounts…and those amounts vary over time…and then they're blended back with the original dry signal.…The difference technically between the two…has to do with something called an all pass filter…which a Phaser uses.…It results in a different sonic texture than the Flanger…which does not go through the all pass filter.…Enough about how they work.…The differences between Phaser and Flanger…are better compared by listening to them…
Audio engineer Scott Hirsch starts with comping the vocals—combining the best performances into one final vocal master take. He explains how to edit out breaths and other noises and fabricate a doubling effect for additional texture and vibe, and then brings in some plugins into the mix—Antares Auto-Tune, Melodyne, and iZotope—to tune vocals and create more interesting soundscapes. In the "Mixing" chapter, Scott enhances the sound of the vocals with EQ, compression, reverb, delay, and automation, adding life and motion to the song. The final track demonstrates everything you can do to maximize the effectiveness of vocals with Pro Tools.
- Comping takes in Pro Tools
- Editing breaths and noise
- Doubling and tuning vocals
- Experimenting with iZotope's Stutter Edit
- Processing vocals with EQ and compression
- De-essing vocals
- Using reverb, delay, and modulation effects
- Automating levels and FX in Pro Tools