Join David Franz for an in-depth discussion in this video Understanding nondestructive editing and region types, part of Pro Tools 10 Essential Training.
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Pro Tools is best known for its audio editing capabilities and the reason that digital audio editing is so amazing is that it's nondestructive. Let's say I start with a perfectly good guitar part right here and I am going to play a little bit of it for you. (Music Playing) And then on the track below, I've got this chopped up and moved around version of the original, and let's hear what that sounds like.
(Music Playing) Now the edits in the second track don't actually affect the underlying audio file, the edits are nondestructive. Pro Tools does not actually touch the audio files, it just tells the hard drive when to play back certain parts of each audio file. In other videos in this course I'll show you how to make edits like this, but here I just want to explain what the audio clips are and how audio clips work in Pro Tools.
In Pro Tools speak, each track or section of the track is called the clip and you see each of these little pieces on this track right here, these are all clips. Each clip shown here appears in the clips list. These new clips are created when you record or edit a track by cutting, pasting, separating, moving, or a variety of other editing tasks and there are several types of clips that you'll see in a Pro Tools session. The first, which is highlighted here, is a whole file clip and these are displayed in bold in the clips list. They're created when you record, import, or consolidate a track and they reference an entire audio file on your hard drive.
The clip up above called A stutter is one that I've actually named myself, and it's called a user-defined clip, and they're made when you actually edit something yourself, and then you name it yourself. Down below here we have auto created clips, and they're shown in regular text like the user-defined clips, except they are created automatically when you make an edit, like when you separate or trim a clip. And there's a clip type that's not shown here is called an offline clip, and that's shown in italics.
There are clips that cannot be located or are unavailable when opening a session and we don't have any of those here in this session. Down here we have a multi-channel clip, and this references multiple audio files for stereo or surround tracks. These are shown as one clip in the clips list, but there is triangle next to their name that you can click and show the individual clips that make up this multi-channel clip. You'll note that when you click on a clip in the clips list like this, the clip will be highlighted in the Edit window here and if you choose one here in the Edit window, you can see it highlighted here in the clips list.
So now you know about the nondestructive nature of audio editing in Pro Tools, and about the different types of clips and how they interact with the clips list, this knowledge will help you understand the editing techniques shown in other videos in this course.
- Exploring the Pro Tools interface
- Selecting inputs, outputs, and busses
- Understanding signal paths and gain stages
- Setting up Pro Tools hardware and software properly
- Importing audio from multiple sources
- Recording and editing audio and MIDI
- Adjusting time, tempo, meter, key, and chord in arrangements
- Mixing and mastering a session
- Setting up an effects loop
- Importing and displaying video
- Adding music, Foley, ADR, and FX
- Archiving a session