Join Larry Crane for an in-depth discussion in this video Setting proper microphone levels, part of Music Production Secrets: Larry Crane on Recording.
Larry: So we're finally in the recording studio, now we're going to set our …microphone levels. Now this is part of the process that, I …used to think this must be really simple. But there's a lot of little details …involved that can lead to good or bad recordings and so I'm going to run you …through some information that'll really help you when you're setting the levels …of your microphones in the live room, getting your levels set straight. …So basically there's kind of four different types of microphones out there. …We're not going to go into crazy detail on them, but I'm going to do a little bit …of information that'll help you out. Dynamic microphones, like this Shure …SM57, they've got kind of a medium output level.…
They're good on loud sources. They don't clip right away internally. …There good for guitar amps, drums. We all know that. …We've seen this mic a thousand times, most likely. …Ribbon microphones, like this Royer R-121, they have a lower output level and …require a little more gain on the preamps, in general. …
First, Larry introduces basic signal flow techniques that will improve any recorded sound. Then he explains some of his recording secrets, like how to capture acoustic guitars and vocals at the same time, how to choose the best microphone for a vocalist, and how to use stereo mics and room placement to create an ensemble sound on a single performer.
- Understanding input signal path
- Gain staging
- Checking phase on a drum kit
- Miking snare drums
- Comparing vocal mics
- Recording live acoustic guitar with vocals
- Using distortion with bass guitar
- Finding the best drum placement in rooms
- Recording upright piano
- Creating your own style