Vocal frequency ranges are isolated and discussed for equalization. Scott Hirsch shows how to equalize a vocal using an EQ plugin to fit with the other instruments in your mix.
- [Teacher] No matter what you capture from your microphone,…most vocals require a certain amount of equalization…to fit the sound of the voice musically…into the mix of instruments in your song.…Here, I'll give you some pointers on what frequency areas…of a vocal will respond to specific EQ settings,…and how to apply them in Pro Tools…to make your vocal really shine in a mix.…First, I wanna go over the different ranges…of the human voice in the audio frequency spectrum.…To help me do this, I'm gonna use…this multi-band compressor.…
Now I'm not gonna be doing any compression,…but this tool allows me to solo different…frequency ranges and listen to those just alone,…where we can really identify and isolate…those ranges to hear what's going on.…So let's start with the very, very low end of the spectrum.…I'm talking about 60 hertz and below for male singers…and about 80 hertz and below for female singers.…This is what I call the unusable rumble band.…This is stuff that is below the…usable frequencies of a human voice.…
Audio engineer Scott Hirsch starts with comping the vocals—combining the best performances into one final vocal master take. He explains how to edit out breaths and other noises and fabricate a doubling effect for additional texture and vibe, and then brings in some plugins into the mix—Antares Auto-Tune, Melodyne, and iZotope—to tune vocals and create more interesting soundscapes. In the "Mixing" chapter, Scott enhances the sound of the vocals with EQ, compression, reverb, delay, and automation, adding life and motion to the song. The final track demonstrates everything you can do to maximize the effectiveness of vocals with Pro Tools.
- Comping takes in Pro Tools
- Editing breaths and noise
- Doubling and tuning vocals
- Experimenting with iZotope's Stutter Edit
- Processing vocals with EQ and compression
- De-essing vocals
- Using reverb, delay, and modulation effects
- Automating levels and FX in Pro Tools