Learn about ways to make a selection for rerecording or overdubbing. Learn about the purpose of using pre- and post-roll and the various options for setting pre- and post-roll values.
- [Instructor] After the initial tracking, you will commonly need to perform additional recording in selected areas to correct mistakes or to try out different ideas. Pro Tools provides a precise way to handle this. By making a proper selection, and using appropriate pre roll and post roll settings, you can create automatic punch points for recording new takes and overdubs. Here, I'll illustrate the basic principles using a portion of the Guitar 1 track in the Crash Down session. In this part of the track, we need to replace a portion of the guitar that wasn't recorded the way we want it.
Let's take a listen. (hard rock music) So right there in the break is where we need to punch in. It's this section right here, and we can hear that in isolation. (rhythm guitar music) So I'm looking for something a bit stronger and more emphatic right here. Now I could try to punch the guitar in and out on the fly, and although that would work, I might miss the punch points, and it could also get a bit messy if we need to complete multiple takes.
Instead, I'll use a selection as the record range. That will ensure that I don't accidentally record over material that I want to keep. It will also ensure that each record take is the same duration, which can be helpful when it comes to auditioning and selecting takes later on. Now recording in just a short area like this can be difficult and unnatural for musicians. It helps for them to hear the music leading in to and out of the punch points. Pro Tools makes this possible using pre and post roll values, which I can set here in the Transport window.
So I'll set these to one bar each. So now it'll be much easier for the guitarist to hit the mark. I'll record enable the track, and let's record arm the session... and try a take. (hard rock music) Notice that Pro Tools automatically punched in and out where I have the selection. Notice also that it's the timeline selection that's important here, up here in the rulers, and not the edit selection down here on the track.
It doesn't matter if the selection is represented on the destination track, as long as you have the proper time range selected. So I can make the selection in the timeline only... and here I'll drag on the tempo ruler... or even on a different track, and I'll get the same result. Remember, the record enable buttons determine which track or tracks you're recording on. Okay, so in this case, I've made my selection in Grid mode. Often times you'll want to use Slip mode instead to ensure that your selection starts and ends exactly where you need it.
This way I can make a precise selection of the target area. Also remember that you can use the timeline selection in and out points to adjust your selection as needed. Also notice that once you've set your initial pre and post roll values in the Transport, you will see pre and post roll flags in the rulers, here and here. You can click and drag on the flags to set the pre and post roll positions, which updates the values in the Transport window.
Lastly, you can collapse or hide the pre and post roll flags by Option + clicking within the edit selection on the track playlist. Option + click in the front half of the selection to disable the pre roll. And Option + click in the back half to disable post roll. If you're a Windows user, use the Alt modifier instead. This same technique works to display and enable the pre and post roll flags. Option + click before the selection, to set the pre roll value, and Option + click after the section, to set the post roll value.
Keep in mind this technique works on the track playlist only. It will not work in the rulers. So that's the basic setup you can use to prepare a session for automatic punch recording. Make a selection representing the time range you need to target. Set the pre and post roll values to provide a sooth transition in and out of the record range. And use the record enable buttons to set the target track. With these conditions met, you'll be ready to record perfect punch record takes, making life easier, both for yourself, and for the in-studio talent.
- Starting a new session
- Customizing settings
- Optimizing the performance of Pro Tools
- Importing loops and tracks
- Working with meter changes
- Recording multiple takes
- Changing the track timebase
- Editing MIDI clips
- Warping sound and tightening rhythm with Elastic Audio
- Using the Smart Tool
- Color coding tracks
- Editing on the grid
- Working with AudioSuite plug-ins
- Working with sends, plug-ins, and master faders
- Working with track subsets
- Finalizing and exporting media