Join Larry Crane for an in-depth discussion in this video Gain staging, part of Music Production Secrets: Larry Crane on Recording.
Here at Jackpot Recording Studio, I find myself mixing a lot of tracks that have …been recorded by other people. When I'm working on a song and I'm having …a problem with a certain track in the song, I'll actually find out a lot of …times that it's due to a gain structure issue. …Now, it's really easy to have gain structure problems and not know it. …Think about it. You've got a microphone going, it's …running through a preamp. You turn the preamp up. …You might turn the preamp up so much that it's distorting, you know. …Maybe even the red light's coming on. If you're not paying attention, you might …not notice this. Because, say what if you have a …compressor going downstream? Pre-amp feeds compressor.…
Compressor is attenuated. Now we're sending a nice safe level into …Pro Tools or onto a tape deck. We're not seeing any red lights coming …on, on the, on the tape deck. We're not seeing any clip indicators in Pro Tools. …We don't know visually that it's distorting. …But oh, it, it is. Some pre-amps, unlike this one, might …
First, Larry introduces basic signal flow techniques that will improve any recorded sound. Then he explains some of his recording secrets, like how to capture acoustic guitars and vocals at the same time, how to choose the best microphone for a vocalist, and how to use stereo mics and room placement to create an ensemble sound on a single performer.
- Understanding input signal path
- Gain staging
- Checking phase on a drum kit
- Miking snare drums
- Comparing vocal mics
- Recording live acoustic guitar with vocals
- Using distortion with bass guitar
- Finding the best drum placement in rooms
- Recording upright piano
- Creating your own style