Sibilance is conquered through a type of multiband compressor, the de-essor. The high frequencies containing sibilant syllables are reduced through this special type of focused compression.
- [Narrator] A specialized version of a multi band…compressor is called a de-esser.…Like any multi band compressor, a de-esser is able to…focus on specific areas of the frequency range,…in this case, the high frequencies.…And apply large amounts of compression to that range only,…while leaving other frequencies untouched.…Sibilance in a voice is the sound of s's and t syllables,…being over emphasized in a recording.…Different voices might have more sibilance,…and different mics might be those frequencies out as well.…
These problematic frequencies range around five to…eight kilohertz in a female voice,…and from about three to six kilohertz in a male voice.…So if we use a de-esser, like the stock Pro Tools one,…we go ahead and insert it.…Plug in, Dynamics, it's part of a dynamics control,…so it's in the Dynamics subset.…And we call it the Dyn3 De-Esser.…So if you use a de-esser like the stock Pro Tools one,…we are able to compress only…the high frequencies when they occur.…
And we can leave other frequency areas…
Audio engineer Scott Hirsch starts with comping the vocals—combining the best performances into one final vocal master take. He explains how to edit out breaths and other noises and fabricate a doubling effect for additional texture and vibe, and then brings in some plugins into the mix—Antares Auto-Tune, Melodyne, and iZotope—to tune vocals and create more interesting soundscapes. In the "Mixing" chapter, Scott enhances the sound of the vocals with EQ, compression, reverb, delay, and automation, adding life and motion to the song. The final track demonstrates everything you can do to maximize the effectiveness of vocals with Pro Tools.
- Comping takes in Pro Tools
- Editing breaths and noise
- Doubling and tuning vocals
- Experimenting with iZotope's Stutter Edit
- Processing vocals with EQ and compression
- De-essing vocals
- Using reverb, delay, and modulation effects
- Automating levels and FX in Pro Tools