Join Brian Lee White for an in-depth discussion in this video Adding the rap stabs, part of Mixing a Hip-Hop and R&B Song in Pro Tools.
So now that I've built some of my vocal affects returns I want to move onto my Rap stabs and ad-libs.…Now the stabs and ad-libs I had muted before, because they were kind of getting in the way.…And they definitely play an important role in a rap verse.…They serve to hype up the song at different points.…The stabs kind of reinforce certain lyrics whereas the ad-libs kind of act as a response…to some of the lyrics.…The problem with stabs and ad-libs I find in mixing a hip-hop or urban music is that…they tend to kind of mask the lead vocal when not treated very aggressively.…
So that is to say that they kind of just appear and then they create too much build up in…the low frequencies or the even high frequencies and they kind of mask the lead vocal.…They can be rather tricky to deal with, because you want to be able to hear them but at the…same time you want to have a contrast between those stabs and the lead, because you want…to provide the listener with a reference point to what the center of attention or the focal…
Recommended prerequisites: Pro Tools Essential Training and Pro Tools Mixing and Mastering
- Setting up the mixer
- Layering kicks and low-frequency management
- Enhancing the lead vocals
- Working with rap "stabs" and "adlibs"
- Processing vocals with EQ, compression, and other effects
- Warming up bass and low-frequency tones
- Re-creating a "sampled vinyl" sound
- Creating "width" and "depth" in the stereo field
- Adding automation
- Mastering the track with compression and limiting
- Bouncing out a stereo mix