Join Jason Osder for an in-depth discussion in this video Source patching and track targeting, part of Premiere Pro Guru: Mastering the Timeline.
I want to talk about source patching and track targeting. And these are two ways that control what specific track an action happens on in the timeline. It's easy to confuse the two, so I want to talk about both and really differentiate them. Here I am in Premiere Pro. I want to zoom in so we can get a closer look at what I'm talking about. This area here is what's known as source patching. And it only becomes available when there's something open in the source viewer.
And I'll show you that in one second. But that does help you remember exactly what it does, which is patch the source to where it goes on the timeline. That's different to the button that's under the V number, which is toggling the track itself for being targeted and not being targeted. So this is where things like if I do a copy-paste, track targeting designates where that paste takes place. But when I do an edit such as an insert or an overwrite from the source viewer, that's determined by the patching.
Let's open something in the source viewer, so we can really see what the patching is all about. As you can see, I now have something open in the source viewer. And the result of that is that I get corresponding labels down here in my patch area. So let me just give us a little more room, so we can see, and you see that these are new. V1 and A1, and they are determined by whatever is open in the Source Viewer, so I didn't see them when nothing was open.
And if I had something with a lot of multiple audio tracks, I would see separate patches for each one of the audio tracks. So, wherever I place these patches is where an overwrite or an insert edit would take place. Now, in this project I've designated V2 as the B roll, so if I was cutting in a new piece of B roll, I would move V1 to patch. And now I'm sending V1 from the source to V2. I'm going to go down to the very end of the timeline, so we can see this. It would certainly work, replacing a cover shot. But I think it's just going to be visually clearer here. And now, if I use either Overwrite or Insert, I've correctly patched V1 to V2, and A1 to A1, and that determines exactly where these land. If I undo, because really A1 is dedicated to voice here and my natural sounds are down on A2. So if I made that mistake, I could move A1 down to A2, and now I've targeted V1 to V2, A1 to A2. If I repeat the Overwrite or the Insert, you see that it has obeyed my commands in terms of patching. And just remember, it always relates to something being open in the source viewer. When I didn't have a source open at all, I didn't even see the patches. Targeting is different. It controls a lot of different commands that I might do on the timeline. And I think the easiest one to understand is simply copy and paste.
So, if I were to start by just copying an earlier clip. Let's maybe take this interview. And I'm going to go ahead and we could use the keyboard, but I'm just going to copy. And then I'm going to set as this is, my track target to V3 and just for kicks, why don't I target A3 down there. Now, again, I'm going to go to the end of the timeline just so you can see a clear view of this, and now I'm going to paste. You can see that although I originally copied from V1 and A1, because of the track targeting, my paste took these to V3 and A3.
Now, as I said, patching is only for the insert and overwrite edits for the source, but targeting works in a lot of ways. It works for a paste command. It also works for things like Match Frame and Mark Clip. These are single commands that we'll look at that are determined by where you are in the timeline, but they're also determined by what is being tracked. So, for instance, if I'm looking to use, let's say, X to mark clip. And I don't have either of these clips on an active track. You see, they're not targeted. My X command actually targeted all the way down here for the music and I marked almost the entire thing.
Then if I've got something on V2, and I use X to mark clip, then I just mark this particular clip. But without the track being targeted, it doesn't look at that track. It keeps looking until it finds a targeted one, which in some cases would be, you know, the music down here or something along those lines. Just keep in mind with Patching and Targeting, Patching is only for sources in the Source Viewer, Insert and Overwrite edits. Whereas Targeting controls a good many things on the timeline, including Mark Clip, including Pasting, including Match Frame, and many different timeline based activities that will only work on a targeted track.
- Understanding how the Timeline "thinks"
- Creating and adding new content to sequences
- Controlling the Timeline: snapping, locking, linking, and more
- Saving and managing track presets
- Adjusting timing with Timeline markers
- Achieving precision with traditional three-point editing